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William B. Guitteau Papers - MS 16

Introduction | Biographical Sketch | Scope and Content | Series Description | Inventory

Introduction

The papers of William Backus Guitteau date from 1884 to 1963. They were donated by the Toledo Board of Education in 1971 and comprise approximately three linear feet. This collection consists of three scrapbooks detailing the education and career of William B. Guitteau with the bulk of the material focusing on the years 1890 through 1932. In addition, the collection contains several original copies of speeches Dr. Guitteau gave at various points in his career, correspondence pertaining to Guitteau's employment and miscellaneous newsclippings on his career. This particular collection will prove useful to those with an interest in Toledo politics, progressivism, education, and local history.

Literary and property rights are in the public domain and duplication is permitted for the purposes of research and preservation. This register was prepared by Robert Rook, graduate assistant in the History Department, Bowling Green State University, in March 1982.

Biographical Sketch

William Backus Guitteau was born in Toledo, Ohio, on November 27, 1877. He attended Toledo public schools including Toledo Central High School from which he graduated in 1894. Guitteau studied at the University of Michigan for one year and then enrolled at Ohio State University in 1896. In addition to his law studies at OSU, Guitteau passed the Ohio State Bar Exam. Postponing his career in law, Guitteau was awarded the President White Fellowship from Cornell University where he spent one year and earned a Master of Arts in Economics. Also, that same year Guitteau served as a Special Clerk to the U.S. Industry Commission in Washington, D.C.

In 1902, Guitteau resumed his graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania where he completed a PhD in History in 1904. Guitteau's dissertation was written about municipal politics and foreshadowed a public career that was to span nearly thirty years. Guitteau was profoundly influenced by progressivism and was to emerge as "the archetype Progressive."

In 1905 Guitteau returned to Toledo where he became principal of Toledo Central High School. Guitteau spent the next twenty-five years serving the Toledo School District in various capacities. In 1911 Guitteau became Superintendent of Toledo Public Schools, later serving as Director of Schools from 1923 through 1925. In addition to his administrative functions, Guitteau lectured about municipal reform and published several textbooks--among them the highly controversial Our United States, which was deemed too "pro-British" and subsequently banned in several school districts. Guitteau also led a highly successful movement to provide better education for those stricken with tuberculosis culminating in the establishment of an "Open Air" School.

Guitteau attained his first position in city government in 1926 when he served briefly as City Service Director. One year later he made an unsuccessful mayoral bid. Guitteau's pinnacle of public achievement occurred in 1930 when President Herbert Hoover named him U.S. Collector for the Internal Revenue Service in northwest Ohio, a position he held until 1932.

With the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the onset of the New Deal, Guitteau retired from public life accepting a job as Executive Secretary and Lobbyist for the Ohio Crushed Stone Association. In 1946, Guitteau returned briefly to public service with his unsuccessful proposal for the reorganization of Toledo City Government. Guitteau retired from the Ohio Crushed Stone Association in 1949 and resumed private law practice until his death on July 25, 1963.

Guitteau is survived by his two daughters, Mary Jane of Cleveland, Ohio, and Joanne Pat of Tiffin, Ohio. Shortly after his death, Guitteau's private library was donated to Heidelburg College. This collection consists primarily of secondary sources and contains few personal papers.

Scope and Content

The papers of William B. Guitteau, with minor exceptions, document his public career from the turn of the century until 1932. The majority of the documents span from 1907 through 1920 with several items being undated. These papers consist primarily of original drafts of public speeches and essays submitted to journals covering a wide range of topics from citizenship to Boy Scouts, correspondence pertaining to Guitteau's employment and a few newsclippings.

In addition to the papers, this collection contains three scrapbooks. These scrapbooks are filled with a variety of items, for example newsclippings, photographs, and broadsides.

Volume I contains newsclippings, photographs, and grade cards detailing Guitteau's education and early career in the Toledo Public Schools. The only weakness of this material is in the lack of dates. Regardless, most of the items are arranged categorically and chronologically making identification possible.

Also, this volume contains several miscellaneous items concerning Guitteau's civic involvement after 1933.

Volume II contains material specifically relating to Guitteau's role in Toledo politics including newsclippings, photographs, and telegrams outlining his mayoral campaign. In addition, this volume contains substantial material, for example, newsclippings and telegrams detailing the development and response to the "textbook controversy" which plagued Guitteau's publishing career.

Volume III consists primarily of newsclippings outlining Guitteau's career in school administration in Toledo. also several personal notes are contained including correspondence from Heidelburg College concerning Guitteau's posthumous donation of his private library.

The strength of this collection lies in its coverage of Guitteau's involvement in reform, both in government and education. Much of the material is "classically" progressive. Of particular research interest are the materials concerning the controversy over Guitteau's Our United States. The one weakness of this collection is its lack of Dr. Guitteau's personal papers beyond the speeches.

Series Description

CORRESPONDENCE

CORRESPONDENCE--EMPLOYMENT
February 1896-August 1912, n.d.
Arranged chronologically
Includes correspondence from colleges and organizations interested in employing Guitteau. Also included are letters of recommendation sent on behalf of Guitteau.

LITERARY PRODUCTIONS

PUBLIC ADDRESSES OF WILLIAM B. GUITTEAU
February 1894-1920, n.d.
Arranged chronologically
Contains a series of speeches made by Dr. Guitteau at various civic functions covering such diverse topics as George Washington and Boy Scouting.

SCRAPBOOKS AND NEWSCLIPPINGS

SCRAPBOOKS
1884-1963
Arranged chronologically. The first scrapbook only has been indexed.
Three scrapbooks and a few miscellaneous newsclippings outlining the education and career of William B. Guitteau. Each scrapbook concentrates on a particular area of Dr. Guitteau's public life and contains a variety of items including newsclippings, programs, photographs, grade cards and some correspondence.

Inventory

Box 1

Folders
  1. Letter to C.A. Seiders, President of the Toledo Board of Education, from Guitteau on new high school buildings, April 18, 1907.
  2. "Washington's Birthday", February 1894
  3. "The Search for the Practical", 1894
  4. Toast given at OSU commencement luncheon, 1897
  5. "The Problem of the Hour"--oratorical contest handwritten and typed copy, 1898
  6. "America in the Philippines--Our Responsibility", 1905
  7. "Some Phases of Our Educational System", 1905
  8. Class Address--Boxwell Commencement, June 9, 1906
  9. "The Man of Achievement", February 6, 1907
  10. Philalethean Banquet Address, May 31, 1907
  11. Address of Welcome (educational conference), 1909
  12. "The Purpose of Education" (Boxwell Commencement), June 1910
  13. "The Influence of Woman upon Education", 1910
  14. "The Social Ideal" (Class Banquet), 1910
  15. "Modern Methods in the Teaching of Civil Government", april 21, 1911
  16. "Personality of a Teacher", June 1911
  17. Speech given at formal meeting of Birmingham School, November 13, 1911
  18. "What the Age Owes America", December 6, 1911
  19. "The Class of 1911", 1911
  20. "Education for Efficiency", 1911
  21. Introduction of Captain Amundsen, January 30, 1913
  22. "Training for Citizenship", February 1913
  23. "Ideals, National and Individual", May 23, 1913
  24. "Present Educational Problems", 1913
  25. "A Greeting from the Superintendent", 1916
  26. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  27. "A Message to the Class of 1920", 1920
  28. Address by Guitteau (Boy Scouts?), n.d.
  29. "Education in a Democracy", n.d.
  30. "Our National Ideal", n.d.
  31. Questions and Answers on War, n.d.
  32. Correspondence--employment, February 1896-August 1912, n.d.
  33. Newsclippings--miscellaneous on Guitteau, (1899), 1902-1917, 1952, n.d.

Volume I - Scrapbook of William B. Guitteau

Page
  1. Baby photo of Guitteau, n.d.
  2. Adult photo of Guitteau, n.d.
  3. Photo; grade cards, 1885-1891
  4. Campaign pamphlet, 1927
  5. Cards of honor, 1884-1887
  6. Newsclippings, n.d.
  7. Newsclippings, 1893
  8. Photo of Guitteau, age 7, 1885
  9. Newsclippings, 1893
  10. Clippings from "The Critic", 1894
  11. Newsclippings, 1894
  12. Family photo; graduation program, 1894
  13. Newsclippings, 1894
  14. Newsclippings, 1894
  15. Newsclippings, 1894
  16. Newsclippings, 1894
  17. "The Philomathean", 1894
  18. Class photo; newsclippings, 1894
  19. Childhood photo of Guitteau; newsclippings, n.d.
  20. Program of "Widow Plunket's Quiltin' Bee;" newsclipping, n.d.
  21. "The Review", n.d.
  22. Family and home photos, n.d.
  23. Rewards of merit, n.d.
  24. Photos; pamphlet concerning English Exercises and Tests, n.d.
  25. Advertisement for History of the United States, n.d.
  26. Telegram; photo, n.d.
  27. Advertisement for Our Government Today, n.d.
  28. Campaign literature; newsclippings, 1928
  29. Newsclippings, 1937
  30. Certificate of election, 1927
  31. Childhood photo of Guitteau, n.d.
  32. Adult photo of Guitteau, n.d.
  33. Advertisement for History of the United States; newsclippings, n.d.
  34. Newsclippings, n.d.
  35. Newsclippings, n.d.
  36. Newsclippings, n.d.
  37. Newsclippings, n.d.
  38. Newsclippings; advertisement for The Constitution, n.d.
  39. Newsclippings, n.d.
  40. Newsclippings, n.d.
  41. Newsclippings, n.d.
  42. Newsclippings, n.d.
  43. Photo, n.d.
  44. Grade card; college requirements, 1894-1895
  45. Photo; college requirements, 1894-1895
  46. Debate program; college requirements, 1897
  47. College requirements, 1900-1901
  48. Debating league programs, 1897
  49. Debating league programs, 1898
  50. Commencement programs, 1897
  51. Program; photos of Professor Jens, Dean Hunter, 1898
  52. Commencement clipping, 1897
  53. Photo; matriculation card, 1902-1903
  54. Commencement clipping, 1897
  55. Commencement clipping, 1897
  56. Newsclipping, 1927
  57. Newsclipping, 1927
  58. Newsclipping, 1927
  59. Newsclipping, 1927
  60. Newsclipping, 1927
  61. Newsclipping, 1927
  62. Correspondence from the Toledo Auto Club, 1928
  63. Correspondence from the Guitteau for Mayor Committee, 1927
  64. Correspondence from the Guitteau for Mayor Committee, 1927
  65. Correspondence from Fred Mery, 1927
  66. Correspondence from the Guitteau for Mayor Committee, 1927
  67. Correspondence, 1927
  68. Political cartoons from the Toledo News-Bee, 1927
  69. Newsclipping, 1927
  70. Newsclipping, 1927
  71. Correspondence in behalf of Guitteau, 1927
  72. Newsclippings, 1927
  73. Newsclippings, 1927
  74. Newsclippings, 1927
  75. Newsclippings, 1927
  76. Newsclippings, 1927
  77. Newsclippings, 1927
  78. Newsclippings, 1927
  79. Newsclippings, 1927
  80. Newsclippings, 1927
  81. Newsclippings, 1927
  82. Newsclippings, 1927
  83. Newsclippings, 1927
  84. Newsclippings, 1927
  85. Newsclippings, 1927
  86. "The Retina", 1902-1903
  87. "The Retina", 1902-1903
  88. "The Retina", 1902-1903
  89. "The Retina", 1902-1903
  90. "The Retina", 1902-1903
  91. "The Retina", 1902-1903
  92. Newsclippings, 1930
  93. "Tattle Tales", 1902
  94. Newsclipping, 1901
  95. Newsclipping, 1901
  96. Photos; newsclippings, 1901
  97. Photo; newsclipping, n.d.
  98. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  99. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  100. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  101. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  102. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  103. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  104. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  105. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  106. Newsclippings, 1901-1905
  107. "The Toledo Rotarian", 1915
  108. Newsclippings, 1931
  109. Newsclippings, 1931
  110. Newsclippings, 1931
  111. Newsclippings, 1931
  112. "School Review"; "What the War Should Do for Our Methods in Civics and Economics", 1939; 1919
  113. Family photo; bar exam results, 1935
  114. Correspondence from Glenwood School, 1920
  115. Newsclipping, 1927-1928
  116. Newsclipping, 1927-1928
  117. Newsclipping, 1927-1928
  118. Photo; "Ohio Township News", 1942
  119. Newsclipping, 1930; 1905
  120. Newsclipping, 1930; 1905
  121. Newsclippings; photo, 1905; 1916
  122. List of articles written; newsclippings, 1903
  123. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  124. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  125. Newsclippigns, 1905-1907
  126. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  127. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  128. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  129. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  130. Newsclippings, 1905-1907
  131. Newsclipppings, n.d.
  132. Newsclippings; photo, 1905; 1907
  133. Newsclippings; photo, 1905; 1907
  134. Newsclippings, photo, 1905; 1907
  135. Photo; advertisement for English Exercises and Tests, 1905; n.d.
  136. Newsclippings; senior class banquet program, 1902
  137. Newsclippings, 1906-1909
  138. Newsclippings, 1906-1909
  139. Newsclippings, 1906-1909
  140. "The Scottonian", 1920
  141. Memoirs of Lucas County clipping, n.d.
  142. Newsclipping, 1920
  143. Photo; correspondence from the public schools, 1923
  144. Newsclippings, 1922
  145. Draft for announcement of textbook revision, n.d.
  146. Newsclippings, 1921; 1907
  147. Newsclippings, 1921; 1907
  148. Newsclippings, 1921; 1907
  149. Newsclippings, 1921; 1907
  150. Newsclippings, 1921; 1907
  151. The Toledo Rotarian, 1915
  152. Newsclippings, 1909; 1911
  153. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  154. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  155. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  156. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  157. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  158. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  159. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  160. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  161. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  162. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  163. Newsclippings, 1911-1913
  164. Liberty Loan Awards; Phi Beta Kappa Election, 1911
  165. Victory Liberty Loan Award; Toledo Boy Scout Year Book clipping, 1918
  166. Newsclippings, 1920-1921
  167. Newsclippings, 1920-1921
  168. Newsclippings, 1920-1921
  169. Newsclippings, 1920-1921
  170. Book Reviews of Government and Politics in the United States, 1911
  171. Educational Review clippings, 1911
  172. Educational Review clippings, 1911
  173. Clippings concerning Government and Politics in the United States, 1913
  174. Clippings concerning Government and Politics in the United States, 1913
  175. Reviews of Government and Politics in the United States, 1911-1912
  176. Reviews of Government and Politics in the United States, 1911-1912
  177. Pamphlet, "Textbooks in Civics", n.d.
  178. Reviews of Preparing for Citizenship, 1913-1915
  179. Pamphlet, "What the War Should Do for Our Methods in Civics and Economics", n.d.
  180. Announcement of the revised edition of Government and Politics in the United States, n.d.
  181. Advertisement for Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  182. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  183. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  184. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  185. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  186. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  187. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  188. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  189. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  190. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  191. Advertisements for Government and Politics in the United States, Our United States, The History and Geography of Ohio, Preparing for Citizenship, n.d.
  192. Newsclippings, 1922
  193. Clippings, The Historical Outlook, n.d.
  194. Advertisement for History of the United States, 1929
  195. Advertisements for Our United States, Government and Politics in the United States, History of the United States, n.d.
  196. Advertisements for Our United States, Government and Politics in the United States, History of the United States, n.d.
  197. Certificate of Election, 1913
  198. Newsclippings, 1913-1914; 1920
  199. Newsclippings, 1913-1914; 1920
  200. Newsclippings, 1913-1914; 1920
  201. Newsclippings, 1913-1914; 1920
  202. Newsclippings, 1913-1914; 1920
  203. Wedding invitation, 1920
  204. "The Great Lessons of Our History", n.d.
  205. Advertisement for Our United States, n.d.
  206. Advertisement for Our United States, n.d.
  207. Correspondence from Fred Mery, 1926
  208. Photo, n.d.
  209. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  210. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  211. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  212. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  213. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  214. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  215. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  216. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  217. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  218. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  219. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  220. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  221. Newsclippings, 1925-1926
  222. Campaign pamphlet; newsclippings, 1927
  223. Newsclippings, 1927
  224. Newsclippings, 1927
  225. Newsclippings, 1927
  226. Correspondence in behalf of Guitteau, 1927
  227. Newsclippings, 1927
  228. Newsclippings, 1927
  229. Newsclippings, 1927
  230. Newsclippings, 1927
  231. Newsclippings, 1927
  232. Newsclippings, 1927
  233. Newsclippings, 1927
  234. Newsclippings, 1927
  235. Correspondence from the President of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution; Toledo City Journal clipping, 1923; 1928
  236. Correspondence from the President of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution; Toledo City Journal clipping, 1923; 1928
  237. Newsclippings, 1927
  238. Newsclippings, 1927
  239. Newsclippings, 1927
  240. Newsclippings, 1927
  241. Newsclippings, 1927
  242. Newsclippings, 1927
  243. Newsclippings, 1927
  244. Newsclippings, 1927
  245. Newsclippings, 1927
  246. Cost of paving streets and alleys, 1927
  247. Average on Bids upon which contracts were awarded, 1926-1927
  248. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  249. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  250. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  251. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  252. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  253. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  254. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  255. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  256. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  257. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  258. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  259. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  260. Newsclippings, 1920; 1927
  261. Promotion for Our Government Today, n.d.
  262. Newsclippings, 1941
  263. Newsclippings, 1941
  264. Plan for Charter Amendment, n.d.
  265. Newsclipping; photo of Mrs. E. W. Guitteau (mother of William B. Guitteau), 1931
  266. "Fair Play on the Auto License Tax", n.d.
  267. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  268. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  269. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  270. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  271. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  272. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  273. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  274. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  275. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  276. "Democracy on Trial in the World War", 1918
  277. Correspondence from Ohio Crushed Stone Association, 1942; 1939
  278. A bill (H.B. No. 135), 1939-1940
  279. A bill (H.B. No. 123), 1941-1942
  280. Correspondence in behalf of Arthur H. Day, 1938
  281. Photo of Guitteau; program of the Annual Meeting of the France Stone Co., 1939
  282. Advertisement for English Exercises and Tests, n.d.
  283. Newsclippings, n.d.
  284. The Social Studies contents page, 1939
  285. "Fictions about the Supreme Court", 1939
  286. "Fictions about the Supreme Court", 1939
  287. "Fictions about the Supreme Court", 1939
  288. "Fictions about the Supreme Court", 1939
  289. Newsclippings, 1923
  290. Photo; correspondence from the President of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, n.d.
  291. Newsclippings, 1927
  292. Newsclippings, 1927
  293. Newsclippings, 1927
  294. Telegrams; program of the Ohio State Association of Township Trustees and Clerks, 1923; 1935
  295. Telegrams; program of the Ohio State Association of Township Trustees and Clerks, 1923; 1935
  296. Program of the Ohio State Association of Township Trustees and Clerks, 1938; 1941
  297. Program of the Ohio State Association of Township Trustees and Clerks, 1942
  298. Better Highways articles, 1931; 1934
  299. Better Highways articles, 1931; 1934
  300. Better Highways articles, 1931; 1934
  301. Blank
  302. Blank
  303. Blank
  304. Blank
  305. Blank
  306. Blank
  307. Blank
  308. Blank
  309. Blank
  310. Blank
  311. Blank
  312. Blank
  313. Blank
  314. Blank
  315. Blank
  316. Blank
  317. Blank
  318. Blank
  319. Blank
  320. Blank
  321. Blank
  322. Blank
  323. Blank
  324. Blank
  325. Blank
  326. Blank
  327. Blank
  328. Blank
  329. Blank
  330. Blank
  331. Blank
  332. Blank
  333. Blank
  334. Guitteau Family Genealogy, n.d.
  335. Newsclippings, 1930
  336. Newsclippings, 1930
  337. Newsclippings, 1930
  338. Correspondence from Herbert Hoover, 1933
  339. Newsclippings, 1928-1932
  340. Newsclippings, 1928-1932
  341. Newsclippings, 1928-1932
  342. Newsclippings, 1928-1932
  343. Newsclippings, 1928-1932
  344. Newsclipping; Advertisements for History of the United States, 1931

Volume II--Scrapbook of William B. Guitteau

Newspaper clippings concerning Toledo politics, 1926-1927; 1963

Volume III--Scrapbook of William B. Guitteau

Newspaper clippings concerning education in Toledo, 1909-1920; 1953; 1963
Correspondence from Heidelburg College, 1963

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