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George Kryder Papers - MS 163
- January 18, 1862 Camp Denison, Ohio
Severe arm injury after horse throws him and steps on arm; camp description near Little Miami River; 8000 soldiers in camp and begins march to New Haven and Shelby, Indiana; weather description.
- January 28, 1862 Camp Denison, Ohio
Description of cavalry life in camp of washing and caring for horse; note to children.
- February 2, 1862 Camp Denison, Ohio
Description of weather; local news in Norwalk, Ohio; Public display of patriotism as soldiers march through Shelby and New Haven.
- February 13/15, 1862 Camp Wright, Jeffersonville, Indiana
March to Cincinnati and riverboat ride across Ohio River to Louisville, Kentucky; the 3rd OVC receive new revolvers and carbines; description of first time seeing mistletoe on trees; evaluation of targeting with new revolver; news of Federal troops having taken a fort in Missouri.
- February 25, 1862 Camp Wright, Jeffersonville, Indiana
Tour of Jeffersonville prison and comments about it; detail of camp diet.
- March 1, 1862 Jeffersonville, Indiana
Weather report; description of a pass to Louisville, Kentucky, 80 mile march following morning to Bowling Green, Kentucky; sent wife $15.
- March 14, 1862 Bowling Green, Kentucky
Sick with lung congestion; sends $15 home to wife; description of mountain roads; tour through Mammoth Cave; view of fortifications at Manasse Junction.
- April 19, 1862 Savannah, Tennessee
Sick with rheumatism and jaw-ache; burial of a friend who died of fever; Henry Sweetland in hospital; discussion of going west after war to homestead land; picks up trophies from battlefield at Mumfordsville, Tennessee.
- April 20, 1862 Savannah, Tennessee
Sick with the shakes and fever; discusses relationship of warm, wet, humid climate with illness of soldiers; comforts wife concerning dangers of battle; boxwoods in bloom.
- May 1, 1862 Camp Shiloh, Tennessee
Wood's Division twelve miles from Beauregard's army; five companies of his cavalry driven away by Company I of 3rd OVC; eight miles from Savannah, Tennessee, and one mile from Mississippi; ready to march on Corinth; exaggerated estimates of manpower given for both sides.
- May 19, 1862 Pittsburg Landing
Price comparison of food items in Tennessee and Ohio; rebel General Beauregard at Corinth, Mississippi; meets neighbor boy, Americus Fribley, in the 48th Indiana regiment under General Buell.
- May 25, 1862 Camp near Corinth, Mississippi
Pep-talk to encourage wife disclaiming any part of the "real heavy action;" trip to Hamburg Landing (on Tennessee River) with Henry Sweetland; James Benham, Henry County boy, is a bodyguard for General Garfield; surgeon recommends company cooks instead of individual cooking.
- June 10, 1862 Corinth, Mississippi
Rebels evacuate Corinth, Mississippi, on May 30th; rebels bury their cannons as they retreat; 3rd OVC attached to General Nelson's headquarters at Corinth; forage for huckleberries and wild plums.
- June 22, 1862 Tuscumbia, Alabama
Excellent health; brother-in-law George Sweetland (Henry's brother) in a rugged battle on Flattop Mountain and lost 100 men of a company of 300; costs of local citrus fruits; inventory of his clothing; description of weather and seasons in the South; wheat already harvested; plenty of hogs to forage and barter with southerners for some items; false reports that Richmond has fallen.
- June 28, 1862 Tuscumbia, Alabama
Description of camp life and environmental surroundings; weather report; request for wife to send a good hat since army hats are extremely uncomfortable.
- July 5, 1862 Camp near Decatur, Alabama
More rumors of fall of Richmond with loss of 10,000 Federal troops; 46 mile march from Tuscumbia to Decatur in two days; Army commissary always lacking sufficient salt so troops cannot cure meat from forage raids; 4th of July celebration; letter from Michael Kryder (George's father).
- July 13, 1862 Woodville, Alabama
Two day march back to Woodville from Decatur; march to Winchester following morning; three men from 10th Wisconsin Regiment shot on railroad bridge while on picket duty; retaliation by burning two rebel houses nearby where gunfire was reported; many guerilla bands of rebel soldiers ravage the area; disgust of regular soldiers for continual release of captured prisoners.
- August 1, 1862 Woodville, Alabama
Last week Company I of 3rd OVC (George's company) rode to Gunter's Landing on Tennessee River and a short battle ensued near a farm house; his brother Albert dies of typhoid fever; new clothing issue.
- August 2, 1862 No location (Woodville?)
Discusses local news with wife concerning Huron County (where she is living); camp life and mention of diseases that are ailing the men.
- August 4, 1862 Woodville, Alabama
Four men of Company G shot while on picket duty and five rebels caught and will be shot or hanged in the morning; widow's house burned because she was hiding a keg of powder; sends wife $15; a note to the children.
- September 2, 1862 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Nashville bridge blown up by rebels and mail must by-pass through Corinth, Mississippi; ambush in mountains near Woodville, Alabama; plenty of peaches to forage; sends wife $15.
- October 5, 1862 Sheppardville, Kentucky
Mail train cut off by rebel activity; camped 22 miles from Louisville, Kentucky; mock jubilation of men as loads of hard-tack enter camps; encourages wife that he seldom sees any action and usually does bridge duty; 3rd and 4th OVC guarding a 20 mile long supply train; rebel General Bragg was side-stepped as he lay waiting in ambush for Federal units; Bragg is now surrounded; persimmons are now ripe.
- October 22, 1862 Danville, Kentucky
Lost weight and presently weigh 176 pounds; interested in buying a farm four miles from Napoleon, Henry County, for $500; 3rd battalion (total of 8 companies) of 3rd OVC captured by rebel General John Morgan with 3000 men; George was not with them, he claims, since his horse was sick the day before; 300 fresh horses coming soon from Louisville; 13 mile march to Versailles, Kentucky, from Frankfort; 7 miles from Frankfort they were ambushed and his horse was wounded; skirmish with 300 rebel cavalry after pushing lone rebel cavalryman who hoisted rebel flag in small town; in the morning a march to Lebanon, Kentucky.
- October 27, 1862 Lebanon, Kentucky
Mentions again that rebel General John Morgan with 3400 men captured 4 companies of 3rd OVC and 8 companies of 4th OVC with a total of 4 killed and 8 wounded; loneliness of camp life since most of the regiment captured by Morgan.
- November 22, 1862 Nashville, Tennessee
Mention of Morgan's capture of federal troops near Lexington, Kentucky, last month; Henry Sweetland escaped; captured federal troops eventually released from rebel camps and they may be shipped to western frontier to fight Indians; Michael Kryder (his father) sends letter from Indiana; issue of new blankets.
- November 24, 1862 Nashville, Tennessee
George receives letter from George Sweetland, stationed in Kanawha Valley, West Virginia; cavalry inspection; warm and sunny weather; note to children.
- December 17, 1862 Nashville, Tennessee
Rebel cavalry advance deceitfully on Union pickets of two Michigan companies with a white flag and capture them; rumor of 30,000 rebels advancing on Nashville to defeat Union General Rosencrans; list of costs of commissary items; sends wife $75.
- January 22, 1863 Camp Standley, Murfreesboor, Tennessee
Skirmish with General Morgan's cavalry near Liberty, Tennessee, and took 40 prisoners; new clothing allotment from quartermaster; opinions about Northern peacemakers who "prolong" the war; rebels using double-barrel shotguns often in battle; Michael Kryder remarried.
- February 9, 1863 Camp Standley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Received a two day leave to Nashville; mentions to wife receiving a "slight" wound from rebel buckshot in a 6 hour battle near Nashville; horse also wounded; supplies low in camp and they must "forage" in the countryside for food; camp conditions.
- February 15, 1863 Camp Standley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Severe case of diarrhea and diagnosed with pepper sauce; had some tintypes made at a Daguerrian office in town and sent them to his wife; clothing costs; camp conditions.
- March 2, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Paid $50 from paymaster; skirmish with 1700 rebels at Bradyville, 15 miles from Murfreesboro, with dead and wounded along with many dead horses; "butternuts" (nickname for rebels) "beg for lives" once captured.
- March 15, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Receives letters from wife and father, Michael Kryder, and reacts to their comments in regard to Southern sympathizers (copper-heads) in North; 11 day scout and a skirmish near Duck River with 72 prisoners; forage many hams from local smokehouses; disgust over units with new recruits not doing their share of fighting; Company I gets 25 brand-new Spencer repeater carbines and comments on deadly accuracy and fast fire power; tanned "black as an Indian" from weather.
- March 23, 1863 Camp Standley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Returned from a 2 day scout; justification to wife for his reenlistment.
- March 31, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Sent $40 to wife, personally delivered by a friend on furlough; assures wife that his wound was not severe; note to the children.
- April 7, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Gets diarrhea from eating half-cooked beef; 6000 rebels encamped 30 miles away near Liberty; the 3rd, 4th, and 10th OVC stormed a rebel-held hill and took many souvenirs; George sends home a pair of saddle-bags; recapture of many carbines that Morgan took at Lexington when parts of 3rd and 4th OVC captured; marched to and fought at Lebanon, Tennessee.
- April 15, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Restricted to light duty because of diarrhea; sends $30 home to wife; receives letter from Michael Kryder (father).
- April 21, 1863 Camp Standley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Change of command in regiment; prices of a sutler's goods; note to the children.
- May 5, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Discusses wife's last letter; possible furlough; sending local newspapers home; had picture taken; sending home $30.
- May 11, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Compares fishing in Southern vs. Northern streams; sends $30 to wife by way of Captain Livermore; rumors of Richmond in Union hands; 3rd OVC preparing to march against rebel General Bragg in southeastern Tennessee; arrest of the war critic Vallandingham; Army issues new type of tent.
- May 20-21, 1863 Camp near Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Sends box of clothes and souvenirs home to wife; went out on scout with one day's rations at night to Lavergne, Tennessee; the rebels had evacuated; two military addresses of either friends or relatives; description of a dead rebel floating in a watering hole.
- June 8, 1863 Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Seventeen months left in service; prices of foodstuffs; details of skirmish near Smithville, 13 miles from Liberty with dead and wounded; General Rosencrans fortifying Murfreesboro with his personal observations of Rosencrans; new regimental and company commanders installed; description of a deserter hanged in Murfreesboro.
- June 15, 1863 Camp Turchin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Cautions wife about local thieves and burglars who know he is in the army; weather details; list of clothing issue.
- July 18-19, 1863 Huntsville, Alabama
On 24th June left Murfreesboro and have been on the march every day since with rain almost every day; marched from Bradyville to Manchester to Tullahoma; rebels flee across Tennessee River after skirmish in Pulaski; captured 21 rebs with rebel General Cheatham's main quartermaster; Port Hudson fallen to Union; details of regiments foraging for food since supply problems occur;conditions of roads; agrees with wife to sell lot in Attica for $25 and discusses other family business with her.
- July 29, 1863 Camp near Fayetteville, Tennessee
Marched back to Salem, Tennessee, from Huntsville, Alabama; drew one month's back pay and sends wife $45; comments on draft riots in the North; brother-in-law Lorenzo Sweetland wounded in leg.
- August 30, 1863 Camp Crook (near Bridgeport, Alabama)
Left Winchester, Tennessee, on 19th August and crossed Smoky Mountains on 20th and arrived in Stevenson (near Tennessee River) on the 22nd; River dividing line between Union and Confederate pickets; Union pickets swim the river and socialize with Confederates for a few hours; details of George Kryder as witness at courtmartial of Brigade Postmaster for overcharging for sale of newspapers; General Burnside marching through east Tennessee to join with Rosencrans with both joining Grant to form line from Chattanooga to Gulf; description of Army of Potomac; half rations for three weeks.
- September 7, 1863 Camp Cook, Lookout Valley, Alabama
Crossed Tennessee River to Sand Mountain and eventually Lookout Mountain on reconnaissance; begins a march to Chattanooga, Tennessee; will get a four-month "early out" of reenlistment time if he takes no furloughs.
- September 25, 1863 Camp near Chattanooga, Tennessee
In heavy battle for a week with the brigade losing 40 men 12 miles from Chattanooga; 101st Ohio cut to pieces, with some of George's personal friends killed; Federal troops on the north side and Confederates on the south side; details of Spencer carbine's ability to double Union cavalry's success against single-shot rifles of the rebels; battle is raging in distance as he writes this letter--the "worst of the war."
- November 2-3, 1863 Nashville, Tennessee
On the march against rebel General Wheeler; toughest time yet as a soldier with 40 and 50 mile distances a day; rations consist of parched corn and roasted squash; details of hand-to-hand and sabre fights with Confederates; due to strategy, Union losses at minimum with 230 rebel prisoners; marched back to Winchester, Tennessee, and then back to Woodville, Alabama; started for Stevenson (afoot with horses)--33 miles in two days; angered at his father for writing a letter filled with Southern sympathy.
- December 15-16, 1863 Paint Rock, Alabama
Exchange of talk about wife's life on the farm; has opened correspondence with his father again; his regiment fought rebels at Cleveland, Tennessee and burned a wagon train; new recruits arrive in 3rd OVC from Defiance County; Jeremiah Hall (new recruit) offers to sell him 80 acres for $800 6 miles from Defiance; details of catching a "bushwacker" and executing him from a tree; detail of the trains and their schedules.
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Bowling Green State University | Bowling Green, OH 43403-0001 | Contact Us | Campus Map | Accessibility Policy