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George Kryder Papers - MS 163
- January 27, 1864 Nashville, Tennessee
Christmas Day 1863 ordered to march to Maysville, Tennessee, 16 miles from Woodville, Alabama; next march to Huntsville, Alabama, and back to Pulaski, Tennessee; reenlisted day before wife's letter arrives saying not to; whole regiment reenlists January 5, 1864.
- April 25, 1864 Camp near Columbia, Tennessee
Birthday and is now 30; took a cold in his arm on picket duty; left Nashville 16th April and 3 days later arrived Columbia, 45 miles distance; Colonel Sidel commander at Columbia; 3rd OVC on Provost Duty guarding railroad bridge over Duck River
- May 3, 1864 Camp near Columbia, Tennessee
100 men including George have abscesses under their arms; camp has been moved and is now one and a half miles from Columbia with 2000 rebels in the woods nearby; details of a train wreck due to a cow; $100 of local bounty due to wife from Hancock County.
- May 11, 1864 Columbia, Tennessee
Tincture of iodine reduced swelling on arm; mentions an uncle in Illinois already planting crops; rumors of Virginia Army whipping rebels and that Richmond is falling; Ezra's (George's brother) unit (1st Indiana Artillery) heavily defeated at Grand Ecore, Louisiana, losing all cannon and ambulances; short paragraph from Henry Sweetland to his sister Elizabeth Sweetland Kryder, mentioning good health and humorous comments on army life.
- May 21, 1864 Columbia, Tennessee
Tomorrow marching to Ringgold, Georgia; difficult to ride because of constant diarrhea; wife eligible for $100 reenlistment bonus (credited to Hancock County); lost 18 pounds since in Nashville; sent $80 to wife.
- June 5, 1864 Camp near Rome, Georgia
Rode through Athens and Decatur, Georgia; chase rebels 7 miles while foraging on Courtland road taking 9 prisoners and 3 loads of corn; details of skirmish all the way to Courtland involving the 1st, 3rd, and 4th OVC, against 5 regiments of rebels; included are the casualties and booty captured; following the battle, continue on a 32 mile ride to Summerville on the same day.
- June 7, 1864 Camp at the Front, 10 pm
Positioned 20 miles south of Kingston, Georgia, with large rebel army 4 miles from Atlanta; the siege of Richmond has begun; pay raise due in next payroll; marched 20 miles to the front and mare is now lame. June 9--(in same letter)--horse recovered; details of combat with entire division of rebels and 5 local men wounded (names mentioned).
- June 14, 1864 Marietta, Georgia
Met rebels while on reconnaissance and battled; pickets constantly firing at each other; lost his hat in battle.
- June 28, 1864 Shanty Station, Georgia
George chosen as one of 20 men to go on special picket; heavy cannon fire at the front; one mile from the front on Sunday building breastworks; General Hooker crossed the river and the evacuation of Lost Mountain has begun; Atlanta is now open to Union attack; 30 new Spencer carbines issued.
- July 15, 1864 Camp near Rossville, Georgia
Alert sounded on evening of July 2nd and by 10:00 the whole of the army in pursuit of Confederates evacuating Kennesaw Mountain; Wilder's Brigade in heavy combat with rebels; complete details of Battle of Kennesaw Mountain involving the 3rd OVC, including thunderstorm and lightning destroying artillery caisson.
- July 18, 1864 Camp near Macafee's Bridge, Georgia
The camp is moved eight miles across the Chattahoochee River; weather conditions; rebels have fallen back; prices of local produce.
- July 25, 1864 Camp near Atlanta, Georgia
Very short letter mentioning a raid and a little "action" involved.
- August 2, 1864 Marietta, Georgia
Hospitalized because of flux, or severe diarrhea; details of a railroad raid; meets a new stepbrother named Solomon Bucher along with two schoolmates; detail of a heavy attack by rebels on the 3rd OVC near Atlanta with negative results.
- August 14, 1864 Hospital No. 1 near Columbia, Tennessee
Details of an improved diet; a nine year old pen pal (Robert Anderson) from Muskingum County, Ohio has written a letter.
- August 21, 1864 Columbia, Tennessee
Transferred to Hospital No. 7; description of the hospital and the medicine used as diagnosis; meets his former captain, Captain Gaylord; note to the children.
- September 1, 1864 Columbia, Tennessee
Correspondence from nine year old Robert Anderson; news of 12,000 rebels marching to besiege Columbia under command of General Wheeler; comments on southern sympathizers in the North; prices of local commodities.
- September 23, 1864 Columbia, Tennessee
Diet of local fruits and vegetables; comments on mess facilities; news of General Sherman capturing Atlanta, Georgia; Western Virginia also in hands of federal troops.
- October 1, 1864 Franklin, Tennessee
Near the Elk River rebel General Forrest attacked and burned bridges but was defeated at Pulaski by General Rouseau; mention of possibility of attack on Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad; details of successes of Virginia Army as Sheridan has defeated and pushed back General Jubal Early's cavalry; value of a milk cow in Norwalk is $30.00.
- October 6, 1864 No location (Franklin?)
In good health again; heavy rain with Harpeth River over-flowing; General Forrest trapped since bridges are out; embarrassing punishment for a cavalryman in 1st Tennessee Regiment caught in the weeds with a Negro woman.
- October 8, 1864 Franklin, Tennessee
Foraged fresh hogs in country; loss of a close friend (A. Crosby).
- October 17, 1864 Franklin, Tennessee
Weather report; camp life; General Forrest escaped across the Tennessee River.
- October 21, 1864 Franklin, Tennessee
Further successes of Sheridan in Virginia; results of a mock election in camp; weather conditions.
- October 31, 1864 Camp near Nashville, Tennessee
Details of a fist fight in the hospital before he left; clothing allowance; local prices.
- November 12, 1864 Camp near Louisville, Kentucky
Foraged for the mess; severe wind squall near Nashville bridge.
- November 22, 1864 Camp near Louisville, Kentucky
Sends wife $140; Criticism of Southern sympathizers at home.
- November 25, 1864 Louiville, Kentucky
Drunks get rowdy in camp; Thanksgiving dinner; tent with a stove; weather conditions.
- December 1, 1864 Louisville, Kentucky
Sends wife and children handmade rings from seashells; a neighbor of Michael Kryder (George's father) visited him in camp.
- December 6, 1864 Louisville, Kentucky
Rebels attack Franklin, Tennessee and are repulsed with heavy losses; General Thomas organizing more cavalry, including the 3rd OVC, to attack rebels near Nashville.
- December 8, 1864 Louisville, Kentucky
Rebel General Hood near Nashville with federal General in pursuit; sends photos to wife ($1.25 per dozen).
- December 13, 1864 Louisville, Kentucky
Captain Nunan new commander of 3rd OVC with Dodge Simpkin the new lieutenants; Sherman reaches seacoast.
- December 17, 1864 Louisville, Kentucky (in the mud)
General Thomas defeats rebels at Nashville; General Sherman still on the move; comments on huckster women selling pies in camp; cost of clothes in Louisville.
- December 24, 1864 Louisville, Kentucky
Sick with a bad cold; mention again of General Hood's defeat at Nashville; 3rd OVC detailed to mopping up guerrilla bands in countryside; discussion of army morale.
- December 30, 1864 New Haven, Kentucky
Sherman has taken Savannah, Ga.; detail of two murders of a doctor and an officer of 7th Pennsylvania Regiment near Bardstown, Kentucky.
- January 1, 1865 Sonora Station, Kentucky
March 20 miles from New Haven to Elizabethtown; use of corn blades as matting for beds.
- January 9, 1865 Camp near Nashville, Tennesee
General Hood (rebel) making a stand near Corinth, Mississippi; 3rd OVC expected to march again to Tennessee River.
- January 18, 1865 Camp near Columbia, Tennessee
Sent wife his 1864 diary; left Nashville on 12th January; details of the total destruction of Nashville; weather report; in the morning begin a 75 mile ride from Nashville to East Port on Tennessee River.
- January 29-31, 1865 Camp near Gravely Springs, Alabama
Short on supplies and must forage for food; camp punishment for disrespect towards Major General Wilson; weather report.
- February 13, 1865 Camp near Gravely Springs, Alabama
Short on rations; slow action and only picket duty; comments on fatigue of the war and the cowardice of younger recruits; roll call six times daily to stem desertions.
- February 22, 1865 Gravely Springs, Alabama
Rumors of smallpox epidemics; lost mail; opinions on northern draft.
- February 27, 1865 Gravely Springs, Alabama
Sherman takes Charleston, South Carolina and Columbia, the capital; rumors of rebels leaving Richmond and marching for East Tennessee; rumors of cavalry going West to fight Indians on the frontier.
- March 6, 1865 Gravely Springs, Alabama
Charleston, South Carolina and Wilmington, North Carolina both in Union control; bottom land of Tennessee River 12 feet under flood water; camp life and punishment for various misdemeanors.
- March 19-20, 1865 Camp near Chickasaw, Alabama
Hardest fighting of the war; no more mail leaves the regiment because of a secret march (George suspects to Selma, Alabama and then possibly to Montgomery, the capital).
- April 26, 1865 Camp near Macon, Georgia
Entire cavalry corps left Chickasaw Landing on 22nd and chased rebels 100 miles; details on the fight at Montevello; further details of the battle with rebel General Chalmers on Alabama River near Selma on the 2nd of April where Henry Sweetland was wounded; another battle as cavalry returns to Selma with rebel General Forrest; marched 300 miles in 12 days; on the 16th, involved in a battle at Columbia, Georgia with success.
- May 5, 1865 Camp Standley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Sends wife $30; details of camp life; rumors of end of the war.
- May 18, 1865 Macon, Georgia
Details of a ten day scout having captured Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy; the war is over.
- May 29, 1865 Eufaula, Alabama
Guarding government supplies; Negroes do most of the work; not sure when he will be able to go home.
- June 12, 1865 Eufaula, Alabama
Camped on banks of Chattahoochee River; mention of many prostitutes and the venereal disease among the soldiers.
- June 18, 1865 Eufaula, Alabama
Details of a gunboat mission to Columbus, Georgia to gather up government property for five days; went to Apalachicola, Florida on a gunboat detail and saw five alligators; early frost killed fruit in Ohio; entire cavalry company transferred to Millageville, Georgia.
- June 25-26, 1865 Eufaula, Alabama
Sent to Florida, then left Eufaula for macon; still hopes to be mustered out soon.
- June 30, 1865 Millageville, Georgia
Description of the layout and beauty of the town; describes handsome features of mulatto women in the town; mentions Sherman's destruction last winter.
- July 15, 1865 Millageville, Georgia
On duty-detail with an Englishman, Henry Stevenson, supervising former black slaves as they work in the fields; reactions of the blacks to Yankee soldiers; this detail covers a number of plantations.
- Undated letter -no location
No army news involved and only camp talk of war and encouragement to wife of coming home soon.
- April 4, 1863 Lavergne, Tennessee
From J. S. Kryder to Elizabeth Sweetland Kryder (sister-in-law). Explains his illness to her in detail with hopes of going home soon.
- December 6, 1864 Camp near Louisville, Kentucky
From brother Henry to sister Lib; discusses food supplies, will be in Kentucky for awhile but hopes war will be over soon.
- December 2, 1865 North Fairfield, Ohio
Letter to claim agent, G. M. Barber, concerning local bounty credited to him (George Kryder) from Hancock County; letter also contains Barber's reply.
- A poem, no date, location, or author (not George Kryder's handwriting).
- Diary, 1864 Transcription
- Diary, 1865 Transcription
- Confederate note
- Kryder family photograph, circa 1910.
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Bowling Green State University | Bowling Green, OH 43403-0001 | Contact Us | Campus Map | Accessibility Policy