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Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee - MS 657

Introduction | Agency History | Scope and Content | Series Description | Inventory

Introduction

The records from the Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee were transferred to the Center for Archival Collections in November 1993, with the assistance of Martin Fitts, Executive Director. The collection is comprised of minutes, reports, correspondence, histories, and publications and dates from 1945-1996.

No restrictions exist on the research use of this collection and duplication is permitted for scholarly purposes. The collection was arranged and finding aid written by James Mapes, graduate assistant, in October 1996.

Agency History

In 1935, Toledo gained recognition when it formed The Toledo Industrial Peace Board after the Electric Auto-lite Strike of 1934. Two demonstrators were killed and many more injured in the street fighting during the strike when the National Guard was called in to restore order.

However, with the onset of War in Europe, and the entrance of the U.S. into World War II in December of 1941, the Board was dissolved as government agencies assumed control of employment during war time production.

In the post-war industrial atmosphere of 1945, "Peace Board" principle was cited by Vice Mayor Michael V. DiSalle, when he proposed that a committee be established to study and devise a plan to minimize labor and management misunderstandings. Key to the issue, was to keep Toledo from being labeled a "bad labor" town, and thereby keep the job and money producing industries in Toledo as well as attracting new ones to the area.

Mayor Lloyd Roulet agreed with DiSalle and named eighteen prominent citizens, six representatives each from labor, management, and the public, serving without pay, attending all sessions, to sit on the committee. Vice Mayor DiSalle was appointed the chairman, a charter was approved on November 30, 1945 and on February 5, 1946, The Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee (TLMCC) was established.

The Committee served as a mediation panel and responded, when needed, to labor-management disputes by organizing negotiation teams from both labor and management. Simple arbitration and mediation, however, were not the only responsibilities with which the Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee was charged. The Committee also served the dual function of public educator on labor-management issues as well as practicing "preventive" work - that is they sought to resolve labor-management "hot-spots" before strikes or disputes occurred. Thus the Committee employed, as is stated in its charter, a "practical common sense recognition of the rights of both employees and employers, the mutuality of their interests and the importance of their joint responsibility to the citizens as a whole whose interests transcend the presumed rights of any group."

The TLMCC was termed "an immediate success" and brought to Toledo national attention. The TLMCC became known popularly as the "Toledo Plan" and became a model of sorts, for similar projects in many other industrial communities throughout the United States. In a letter from the White House to Mayor Czelusta, ten years after the creation of the TLMCC, President Dwight Eisenhower wrote that "the committee is an outstanding example of what can be accomplished by cooperative local efforts to minimize labor-management disputes."

The Committee was not without internal difficulties, and it nearly was dissolved in 1951, which, consequently, explains a gap of fourteen months for which no records can be found. But with the Korean War raging in the far east, the TLMCC returned to keep labor disputes at a minimum. Rabbi Goldberg became chairman of the committee and called to order the first meeting in fourteen months on June 12, 1952. Goldberg outlined a plan to revitalize the TLMCC, under which, all the existing committee members would resign. The Toledo City Council would then amend the charter and appoint ten instead of six, representatives from each sector--public, industrial, and labor plus an additional six associate voting members from each of the previously mentioned sectors, who would serve on mediation panels.

The Toledo Labor Management Committee has continued to serve in this capacity. Several minor changes in arbitration and mediation policy were made during the 1960's to help reflect the changes in industry and labor relations. In April of 1996, the Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee celebrated its 50th year of continuous operation, promoting industrial peace and harmony for the welfare of Toledo and its community.

Scope and Content

The core of the Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee collection is the completeness of its minutes. The minutes begin with the TLMCC's first meeting on July 3, 1945 and continue uninterrupted through September 21, 1979. It is important to note, however, that the meetings gradually become less frequent in the 1950's and by the 1970's the TLMCC rarely meets more than twice a year. Also interesting, is the switch from a "script-dialogue" minutes to a synopsis summary style after the first meeting. This change in style was agreed to during the second meeting. The reason given is to maintain an off-the-record discussion period about issues concerning the TLMCC. Furthermore, many of the minutes have cover letters giving the date, place, and time of the next meeting. Included also with the minutes is a confidential Bulletin, attached to the minutes of October 8, 1947 and a draft report (undated) found between the minutes of December 11, 1947 and January 8, 1948. The report was prepared by the secretary of the education subcommittee and is a fourteen page outline of TLMCC history as well as a brief summary of its duties and policies. This report was to be distributed to various local high schools. The researcher of labor disputes may also be interested in reviewing the minutes of September 15, 1955 attached to which, is a typed copy of a discussion before the TLMCC on a dispute between building supply dealers and the AFL Teamsters Union.

The membership records of the TLMCC are sporadic, at best. The completeness of the minutes, however, helps to alleviate this somewhat, by providing attendance information at the start of each meeting.

The correspondence includes many letters addressed to and from committee members with a smaller number being addressed to organizations outside of the TLMCC. Researchers who are looking for information pertaining to the development of Labor Management Citizens Committees (LMC) elsewhere (other than Toledo) will find some of this correspondence interesting. The correspondence becomes very sporadic after the year 1947.

The subject files record group includes several record series: charter materials, mediation and arbitration policies, activities, Toledo ordinances, agreements, histories, and U.S. Department of Labor reports.

The charter materials include correspondence drafts, and statements from representatives of labor and management in regards to formation of a charter for the TLMCC. The documents included mostly date from July 2, 1945 to February 13, 1946.

Perhaps most helpful to the researcher will be the history subject file. This file contains a senior college paper and master's thesis as well as several TLMCC commissioned histories.

The reports record group includes a complete series of annual reports up to 1972. These reports provide data concerning man-day losses, reports on activities, arbitration, and disputes, and budget reports. Also interesting to a researcher of U.S. government policy toward LMC's is a series titled "status" report. This series contains a report commissioned by the TLMCC pertaining to the status of the TLMCC under the Taft-Hartley Act. The report is dated September 4, 1947.

This Collection's statistical and financial documents are less impressive and are fairly sporadic.

The Collection's scrapbook material contains sporadic newspaper and newsletter articles on the functions of the TLMCC from a variety of sources. Again, however, there are wide gaps in the dates, sometimes ranging from 2-3 years to over 11 years, during which no articles were filed. The newest concentration of these articles are dated from June 1945 to June 1947 with the second greatest concentration occurring between June 1988 to March 1991.

Printed material is organized into three series: programs, brochures, and awards-commendations. The programs series is unimpressive, containing only 3 programs from meetings and conferences concerning labor-management issues. The awards and commendations series is not much more impressive, with the exception of a typed letter signed by President Dwight Eisenhower, dated May 10, 1955, and addressed to then Toledo Mayor Ollie Czelusta.

Perhaps the most spartan series in this collection is the photographic material. This series contains miscellaneous positive photographs of unknown individuals, a filmstrip produced by the TLMCC education subcommittee for use in Toledo classrooms and a humorous photograph of a company voting booth. None of the items are dated. The researcher should note that additional photographs are contained in this collection under the record group subject files. Numerous black and white photographs were taken of surviving charter members of the TLMCC during the 35th anniversary luncheon/reunion.

Completing the collection are two audio cassette tapes dated 1988 and containing recorded interviews with Dr. Goldberg and Franz Berlather on the history of the TLMCC.

Series Description

PROCEEDINGS

MINUTES
July 3, 1945 - September 21, 1979
Arranged chronologically
Includes minutes of all TLMCC meetings up to and including 1979. Within the minutes are included subcommittee reports and budget requests/reports. Several minutes also include cover letters with the date and location of the next meeting. With the exception of the minutes from the first meeting of the chartered TLMCC, all other minutes were mailed to individuals. Also included in this series is a fourteen page untitled and undated report, filed between the minutes of 29 December 1947 and 8 January 1948, which addresses procedures to be used in avoiding lockouts and strikes when collective bargaining fails.

MEMBERSHIP RECORDS
1989-1990
Arranged chronologically
Includes brochure listing members of the committee, a letter concerning the printing of the membership roster for 1989, and a detailed list of members for 1989 to 1990 which includes affiliation, address and phone numbers.

CORRESPONDENCE
April 6, 1946 - June 1954, March 2, 1956, July 14, 1977
Arranged chronologically
Includes extensive correspondence between Jerome Gross, Grover G. Sales, and Martin Wagner. Also included is correspondence from other members of the TLMCC as well as a letter from U.S. Representative Thomas Ludlow Ashley to Louis Thomson, Jr.

SUBJECT FILES

CHARTER MATERIALS
July 2, 1945-December 18, 1945, February 13, 1946, c.1946, 1953
Arranged chronologically
Includes original charter materials and correspondence relating to the creation of the TLMCC, several drafts of the charter, statements from representatives of labor and management, suggestions of goals and principles, and reports from the TLMCC charter committee. Also included is the final draft of the charter, as accepted, a copy of the by-laws and mission statement, all dating to c.1946.

MEDIATION AND ARBITRATION POLICY
Arranged by subject
Includes undated material on a pl an for preventive mediation, arbitration policy and procedure, recommendation of the Director submitted at the meeting of 26 September 1963(?) to re-evaluate some of the TLMCC's policies, and a review of labor management committees, date unknown (1975-76?), prepared by the offices of Technical Services, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.

ACTIVITIES
February 6, 1959, March 4, 1971, April 1980, April 16, 1996
Arranged chronologically
Includes Labor Management week, 25th anniversary dinner with correspondence to past members, 35th anniversary luncheon with correspondence to past members, photographs (8 1/2 x 10) (black and white). List of awards and related newspaper articles, and the 50th anniversary dinner celebration (program-brochure).

TOLEDO ORDINANCES
1945-1975, scattered
Arranged chronologically by date adopted
Includes ordinances pertaining to, or important to, the TLMCC.

AGREEMENTS
January 11, 1937, and undated
Arranged by date, where possible
Includes a copy of the original agreements between General Motors Corporation and United Automobile Workers; Libbey Owens Ford and Federation of Glass, Ceramic and Silica Sand Workers of America, CIO, and The Surface Combustion Corporation and The Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee (in oversize box).

HISTORY
January 1963, 1968-1989, August 1971
Arranged chronologically
Includes a senior college paper, a draft of an article of the history and effectiveness of the TLMCC, a master's thesis on the history of the TLMCC, and several historical projects commissioned by the TLMCC.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
1946
Work stoppages caused by labor management disputes in 1945 issued by the U.S. Government printing office and compiled by the U.S. Department of Labor and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin No. 878.

REPORTS

ANNUAL REPORTS
1946-1972
Arranged chronologically
Includes all LMC annual reports from 1946-1972. Reports include LMC activities, work stoppage statistics, successful and on-going arbitration, disputes, and budget reports with budget proposals/requests for the next year.

STATUS REPORT
September 4, 1947
The report is a study of the status of the TLMCC under the Taft-Hartley Act.

STATISTICAL
August 10, 1946-October 10, 1946, April 7, 1948, 1975(?)
Arranged chronologically
Includes statistics on work stop page, strikes, mediation/arbitration, and financial data. Also included are two confidential bulletins reporting on man-day losses and disputes, an undated accounting of an LMC dinner fund, and a release from Lou Thomson, Jr. titled "Toledo Area Days Idle Due to Work Stoppages Lowest in Midwest".

FINANCIAL
1955/56, 1957/58, 1959/60, 1962
Arranged chronologically
Includes financial disclosures to the state examiner.

SCRAPBOOK MATERIALS

NEWS ARTICLES
June 16, 1945, October 29, 1946, January 25, 1947, March 20, 1947, November-December 1946, January 1947, June 1947, November 1953, October 22, 1955, 1971, June 11, 1972, April 24, 1975, August 19, 1977, 1988, June 17, 1988, February 17, 1989, June 30, 1989, June 8, 1990, March 1, 1991, March 15, 1991
Arranged chronologically
Includes articles from the Toledo Blade, City Journal, The American Magazine, The Christian Advocate, Harpers Magazine, The Rotarian, National Municipal Review, The Economist, The People's Voice, and The Toledo Union Journal. Articles are on labor related news or about a function of the TLMCC.

PROGRAMS
April 28-29, 1947, January 5, 1959, August 23-27, 1965
Arranged chronologically
Includes programs from meetings and conferences.

PRINTED MATERIAL

BROCHURES
February 5, 1946 - 1988/1989
Arranged chronologically
Includes brochures, some undated. Most materials are information on the purpose of the TLMCC, as well as promotional materials for the City of Toledo. The collection is sporadic. Also included is the original art work and proofs for two brochures in the collection.

AWARDS-COMMENDATION
February 28, 1955, May 10, 1955, May 25, 1973, October 24, 1978
Arranged chronologically
Includes a commendation to the City of Toledo by State of Ohio House of Representatives, a letter of commendation to Mayor Ollie Czelusta from President Dwight D. Eisenhower (signed), award of appointment of Louis M. Thomson, Jr. to Ohio Site Preservation Advisory Board.

PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIAL

POSITIVE PHOTOGRAPHS
Dates unknown
Arranged by subject
Includes photographs of a voting booth (numerous), a film strip for classroom use produced by the education subcommittee of the TLMCC, and several photographs from an award ceremony.

AUDIO MATERIAL

AUDIO TAPE RECORDING
January 26, 1988, February 19, 1988
Includes two 90 minute tapes of interviews with Goldberg and Franz Berlather on the history and involvement of the TLMCC.

Inventory

Box 1

Folder
  1. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Minutes, July 1945-December 1946
  2. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Minutes, January 1947-December 1948
  3. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Minutes, January 1949-December 1954
  4. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Minutes, January 1955-December 1960
  5. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Minutes, January 1961-December 1970
  6. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Minutes, January 1971-September 1979
  7. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Membership List, 1989-90

Box 2

Folder

  1. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Correspondence, April 6, 1946-June 1954
  2. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Correspondence, March 2, 1956, July 14, 1977
  3. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Charter Materials, September/October 1945
  4. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee By-laws and Charter, 1945-1953
  5. Preventive Mediation Plan, Arbitration Policy, Review of LMC Committees, 1975, n.d.
  6. Labor Management Citizens Committee Week, February 6, 1959
  7. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee 25th Anniversary Dinner (March 4, 1971), 1970-1971
  8. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee 35th Anniversary Dinner, 1979-April 1980
  9. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee 50th Anniversary Dinner, April 6, 1996
  10. Toledo Ordinances, 1945-1975 (scattered)
  11. Copies of Original Agreements, February 11, 1937

Box 3

Folder

  1. Senior College Paper on Toledo Labor Management Committee, January 1963
  2. Master Thesis by Elizabeth Gross "A Twenty-Five Year Historical Study of the Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee", August 1971
  3. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Historical Reports, 1968-1989 (scattered)
  4. Work Stoppages Caused by Labor Management Disputes, 1946
  5. Conference Programs - Miscellaneous, 1947, 1959, 1965
  6. Toledo Labor Management Committee Pamphlets, 1946-1989
  7. Photographs, undated
  8. Toledo Labor Management Committee Financial Discloser, 1955/56, 1957/58, 1959/60, 1962
  9. Commendation from Ohio House of Representatives, February 28, 1955
  10. Commendation from President Dwight D. Eisenhower, May 10, 1955
  11. News Articles about Toledo Labor Management Committee, June 1945-March 1991

Box 4

Folder

  1. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Annual Reports, 1946-1953
  2. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Annual Reports, 1954-1961
  3. Toledo Labor Management Citizens Committee Annual Reports, 1962-1972
  4. Report Studying Labor Management Committee Under Taft-Hartley Act, September 4, 1947
  5. Statistical Reports, 1946-1975

Oversized Box

Folder

  1. Film Strip "Industrial Harmony Through Labor Management Committee", c.1947
  2. Appointment of Louis M Thomson Jr. to Ohio Historic Site Preservation Advisory Board, May 25, 1973
  3. Certificate of Commendation, October 24, 1978
  4. Drawings used for "Anyone May Dial" Pamphlet, c.1965?
  5. Agreement to Abide by Charter Principles (blank) Certificate, c.1947?
  6. Agreement to Abide by Charter Presented to Surface Combustion Corporation, c.1947?
  7. Two Audio Cassette Tapes with Interviews of Goldberg and Berlather, January 26, 1988-February 19, 1988

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