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Thomas J. Edwards Papers (25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Rgt. Research Archives) - MS 1122

Introduction | Agency History | Scope and Content | Series Description | Inventory

 Introduction

The Thomas J. Edwards Papers, a research archive centered on the 25th O.V.I. but including other regiments, such as the 107th, 180th and 1st Ohio Light Artillery Battery H, consists of photocopies, scanned images, notes, printed material, and transparency overlays from programs related to the history of the regiments. The material was used in the research and editing of Edwards’ 2003 republication of the Edward C. Culp 1885 regimental history, “Raising the Banner of Freedom : the 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the War for the Union” and in presentations related to Ohio regiments in the war.

The collection was donated to the Center for Archival Collections by Thomas J. Edwards of Myrtle Beach, SC on June 12, 2009 with an addition on September 16, 2009. Duplication is permitted for the purposes of preservation and research. The register was prepared by Marilyn Levinson, Curator of Manuscripts in June 2009 and revised in September 2009.

 Agency History

The 25th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was mustered at Camp Chase, Ohio in June 1861 for 3 years of service but was not mustered out until June 1866. During their service they saw action in such battles as Bull Run, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Fort Wagner. Company D of the regiment transferred to become the 12th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery in 1862, and a new Company D was organized in 1864 to serve 1 year. At expiration of the term of service in 1864 some original members of the Regiment mustered-out, but veterans and new recruits continued to serve until June, 18, 1866, making the 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry the last Ohio regiment in the war.

The original history of the Regiment was written in 1885 by brevetted Colonel Edward C. Culp. In preparing an edited re-publication of the Culp history in 2003 Thomas J. Edwards gathered a variety of supporting information which forms the core of this collection.

The 107th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was organized in September 1862 for three years service, mustering out at the end of the war on July 10, 1865. Some of the battles in which it played a part were Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, where it served with the 25th O.V.I. and the 1st OVLA.

The 180th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was a one-year unit that mustered in September 1864 and served until July 1865, largely doing garrison and guard duty.

Battery H, 1st Ohio Light Artillery was organized in November 1861 and served through the war until June 1865. Its term of service saw such battles as Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg.

 Scope and Content

The Thomas J. Edwards Papers consists primarily of subject file copies of research materials gathered in the course of re-editing the Edward C. Culp 1885 regimental history of the 25th O.V.I., “Raising the Banner of Freedom : the 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the War for the Union”, which was published in 2003, along with overhead transparencies used by Edwards in programs associated with that book.

Among the items in the collection are copies of letters, diaries, official records, articles, and copies from printed regimental records. Supporting information of use to genealogical researchers can be found on the CD disks and also in one of the transparency programs. The additional information from Christopher D.W. Nelson on the 107th O.V.I. complements the history of the 25th O.V.I. since that latter regiment was brigaded with the 25th Ohio at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.

A copy of “Raising the Banner of Freedom” signed by Edwards has been separately cataloged and placed in the CAC book collection.

In addition to material related to the 25th and 107th Thomas Edwards also did research and writing on the 180th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and Battery H, 1st Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery. His research collection includes a copy of “Through the Eyes of Soldiers: the Battle of Wyse Fork”, which Edwards wrote with William H. Rowland, a transcript of the Diary of Francis J. McFarland, 1864-1865, and transcripts of Civil War letters of Lt. Col. John Wood. Related to the 1st O.V.L.A. material gathered by Edwards includes a copy of Edward C. Browne’s history “First Ohio Light Artillery Battery H : the James Barnett Papers”, copies and transcripts related to Captain G.W. Norton, and other items associated with the Battery.

 Series Description

CORRESPONDENCE

CORRESPONDENCE - PERMISSION TO QUOTE LETTERS
2001-2003
Correspondence with various libraries, historical societies and private individuals regarding use of material for publication in “Raising the Banner of Freedom”

SUBJECT FILES

25TH O.V.I. RESEARCH FILES
1862-1866
Copies, transcripts, and scans of letters of members of the 25th O.V.I. from a variety of archival and private sources (identified)

25TH O.V.I. PROGRAM TRANSPARENCIES
n.d.
Transparency sheets used for overhead projectors by Tom Edwards for programs on the 25th O.V.I., Edward Culp, Nathaniel Haughton, and doing Civil War genealogical research

107TH O.V.I. RESEARCH FILES
n.d.
Compiled copies of 107th O.V.I. background, letters, images, and the diary of John Flory of Co.C, provided by Christopher D.W. Nelson 

180TH O.V.I. RESEARCH FILES
n.d.
Compiled research material includes a copy of “Through the Eyes of Soldiers: the Battle of Wyse Fork”, which Edwards wrote with William H. Rowland, a transcript of the Diary of Francis J. McFarland, 1864-1865, and transcripts of Civil War letters of Lt. Col. John Wood

1st O.V.L.A. BATTERY H RESEARCH FILES
n.d.
Compiled research material includes a copy of Edward C. Browne’s history “First Ohio Light Artillery Battery H : the James Barnett Papers”, copies and transcripts related to Captain G.W. Norton, and other items associated with the Battery

PRINTED MATERIAL

BROCHURES
2006
Program “Civil War Days at Lakeside”, at which Tom Edwards spoke on the 25th O.V.I.

ART REPRODUCTIONS
n.d.
Reproduction of Elkwater, Va. Camp drawing, from the National Museum of Civil War Medicine

PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIAL

PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINTS
Copy prints and photocopies of images of soldiers who served in the 25th O.V.I.

DIGITAL MEDIA

COMPUTER DISKS (CDs)
n.d.
CDs (7) with images and text files of book research material and supplementary data including the roster of the 25th O.V.I.

 Inventory

Box 1

Folders

  1. Printed – Publication permissions for "Raising the Banner of Freedom", 2001-2003
  2. Subject – Various soldier’s letters, 1862-1866
  3. Subject - John and Noah Stump letters, 1862-1864
  4. Subject – Articles on soldiers & the Regiment, 1985-2006, n.d.
  5. Subject – Newspaper accounts of the Regiment, 1863-1891
  6. Subject – Soldier’s diary excerpts, n.d.
  7. Subject – Presentation transparencies (Personal side of history), n.d.
  8. Subject – Presentation transparencies (Edward Culp & Regimental History), n.d.
  9. Subject – Presentation transparencies (Last Ohio Regiment in the Civil War), n.d.
  10. Subject – Presentation transparencies (Nathaniel Haughton), n.d.
  11. Subject – Presentation transparencies (Edward C. Culp biog), n.d.
  12. Subject – Presentation transparencies (Sources for Civil War genealogy), n.d.

Box 2

Folders

  1. Subject – 107th O.V.I. background, images, letters (Christopher D.W. Nelson), n.d.
  2. Subject - John Flory diary copy (Christopher D.W. Nelson) 1862-1864
  3. Subject - 180th O.V.I. research material n.d.

Box 3

Folders

  1. Subject - 1st O.V.L.A. Battery H research material, n.d.
  2. Printed – Program "Civil War Days at Lakeside," 2006
  3. Printed – Reproduction of Elkwater, Virginia Camp, n.d.
  4. Soldier’s photographs (copy prints and photocopies), n.d.
  5. Computer media – CD (7) images/files of book research/text, genealogical searching aids, n.d.

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