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Liberty Warner Papers: Transcripts - MS 624
Oct 3rd, 1863
Dear Uncle Henry,
It falls to me to write to you the sad news of the death of your son Liberty. He was killed in the battle of Sunday on the 20th Sept. He died while nobly defending the old flag. He was shot in the breast and died almost instantly. I hope that you will excuse me for not writing before. I wrote one letter and I don't whether it went or not. I don't know whether this will go for some time. Two of my brothers was wounded. Jimmy was wounded in the foot pretty bad. John was wounded in the leg. They was both taken prisoners and paroled. Jimmy has been brought in and we are down to town to see if we can find him. James Burkstead was killed. Our Capt. was taken prisoner and almost all of our regt was either killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. Our comp. went into the fight with 47 men and come out with 14 men, but the enemy outnumbered us 2 to 1 and we was forced to this place. We are fortifying all the time, day and night. The rebels are in sight all the time. They have made two or three night attacks, but were repulsed.
Such a battle I never saw as the battle on Sunday. An incessant roar of artillery and musketry from 10 o'clock till after dark. We have only got one Capt. and five lieutenants in the regt right now.
You think hard of me for not writing before, because we was so busy and expecting an attack every hour in the day. Liberty was a good soldier, always done his duty without a word of complaint. I tell you we miss him. It is so lonesome here with the boys all gone, but we all must bear up as well as we can. George is here, but has awful sore eyes.
We all mourn with you for the loss of your brother, for he was beloved by all the company and all who knew him. There was a letter come here for him and I opened it. Well cousins, I must bring my scribbling to a close. Give my love to all. Please excuse this hasty letter, for I am in a hurry.
From your absent cousin
Dec 7th, 1863
I received yours of the 18th and was glad to hear from you. I should have written before, but we was so busy that I could not find time to write. Our brigade was not in the fight, but we had to lay out in the rifle pits for a reserve and then when the battle was over we went out on a scout on Lookout Mt., but we did not find any rebs there. They thought it was time to light out. We could see the fighting from where we was. It was a splendid sight to see our boys a charging up the ridge and the rebs a playing it into our boys. It seemed as though the whole top of the ridge was on fire. The rebs fought desperate. They stuck to their guns till our boys was within 10 feet of their guns and then started to run, but found they was flanked. They had nothing else to do but to surrender. We got thirty six guns on top of the ridge, besides lots of new clothing.
Mary, I hope you will excuse me for I have sore fingers, so that it hurts to write. Next time I will write just a little one to you.
About Liberty's things. He did not have any here except and overcoat, which the lieutenant sold and he said he would send the money to you. Liberty had some accounts standing out in the regiment, but I could not find out anything about them. His clothing fell into the hands of the enemy. No more at present.
Wm. H. Barber
I will try and answer your kind letters. I wished that I could have written before, but I could not. Better late than never as the saying is. I did not see Liberty after he was shot, but he never spoke that he was shot. I do not know whether he was buried or not. After we had been in the battle some time, he came up to me and said that he felt like "Going into them now" (meaning the rebs) and that is the last I saw of him. We got separated after the first charge. At times Liberty would appear calm and thoughtful and at others gay and happy.
The weather here is pretty cold. It snowed a very little the other day. The boats run up to this place now, so that we have a plenty in the grub line. There was a while that we was on quarter rations, but we will get plenty now. No more at present. Give my love to all.
Yours until death.
[Fragment Late 1863]
your son was wounded ...
the Chicago battery by a ...
a shell thrown by the ene ...
not a rebel within 200 y ...
at the time your son be ...
fight most gallantly ...
a soldier and a brave ...
Milo Caton [Capt.]
Tods Barracks, Columbus, Ohio
Dear Friends at Home,
I glad to say that I am have been improveing in health ever since I left Tontogany. We arrived at Perrysburg about 5.40 mi. Upon arrival we ware immediately marched to the courthouse whare we deposited our guns & acoutrements and I placed as guard over them. (Being the first one of the Battalion on duty, but have not been on duty since).
Our company, with several other companies of the Batt. took meals at the Bard Hotel. I staid overnight with Henry Brown the first two nights and the remaining time at Uncle Hatches. On Wednesday morning Henry started for Cleveland to confer with the K. & M. R.R. Co. [Kanawha & Michigan Railroad] on business respecting taxes. We drilled four hours each day while we ware in Perrysburg.
On Friday evening last at 5 o'clock p.m. we started for Columbus, at six o'clock on Saturday morning we reached Tods Barracks, Columbus, which was near at hand. We had the pleasure of seeing the State penatentery just before we reached town, leaving it on our right about 40 rods whare we passed.
Tods Barracks consists of about 6 acres of ground surrounded by a board fence twelve feet in hight. On the north thare is three rough buildings, something like a good big barn, 80 feet in length and 30 in width, two storys in hight and same on the south, which constitute the rendezvous of the National Guards. On the east is the dineing hall, about 200 feet in length and 40 wide, well furnished with sambos for cooking, etc. Consequently we don't have any cooking to do ourselves. On the west is the commissioned officers quarters, a building of about the same size of the dineing hall. We have a good place to bunk as soldiers could wish for. Thare is about 800 in rendezvous at this camp. You not write untill I write again, which will be as soon as we make a permanent rendezvous.
My love to all.
Elliott M. Warner
Sat. morning 8 o'clock
June 4, 1864
Camp Parole, Annapolis, Md.
Co. B 144th Reg.
Dear Friends at Home,
Yours of the 28th ult. has been received after a long time of anxious waiting on my part. Although I supposed you think of me full as often as I think of you, still if you apreciate a letter from me as much as I do one from you, you would not wait very long before answering them.
Homesickness is a thing unknown to me and the most of our company. The next day after I wrote to you (after comeing to Camp Parole) the 94th N.Y. Reg., which ware guarding parolled prisoners, left for the front excepting theyr Colonel and two Capts and 4 Lieuts, which are still at this place. In consequence of which we ware obliged to go on double duty, there being but two companys here of guard, etc. Co's I & B.
Our men being unused to such duty and haveing a double amount of it to do began to think that soldiering was not quite so pleasant after all. Two days and several of both co's ware unfit for duty, which made it all the harder for the rest. Fortunately, after we had been here about two weeks another company came here to assist us. The rest of our Reg. consisting of about 850 men being pretty equally distributed throughout the country. (But fortunately will be gathered togather at this camp in a few days in order to give Co. B & I a rest from theyr fategueing duty of the past.)
During all the time since I left home I have been well and stood duty every time when it fell to my lot and am as well today as ever I was. I shall go on guard mount in about an hour and shall write some with a lead pencil while on guard and transfer it onto this paper. Thill I have another opportunity of filling this out, adieu.
2 o'clock p.m.
I am now standing on guard on the S.W. corner of the camp, which is the pleasantest place and the highest excepting the hospital grounds which are outside of the guard lines. I am now standing in such a position that when I look up to catch a new thought I have a fair view of the state house of the State of Md, which figures large in the early history of our nation. It was built in 1768 & I had the pleasure in company with William Crom to explore it thuroughly. On the alt it is situated on a hill some 180 feet above the level of the river which flows in front of it distant about 120 rods, the hill on the E. fronting the river is partly artificial and the encloseure being gracefully ornamented with shade trees of a great variety. We entered the hall on the E., a room about 80 ft. in length and 60 in width, with a staircase on the West, the staircase being beautifully ornamented. We went into the Governers room on the right, a room splendidly furnished with pictures, etc., the most prominant of which was... of is Somners Caldwell ... Wadsworth Dorsey Israel ... emblem of the great faculty, each being represented by ... statutes places about 10 feet from the ground on the tope of the
The 3d in memory of H.A. Clemson & J.R. Hynson, who ware drowned off Vera Cruz, Dec. 8th, 1846, also in memory of J.W. Pillsbury & J.B. Shubrick, drowned July 24, 1846. After viewing these mementos of ... we walked down past
right. From thence we returned to the hall, went up stairs to the library, which was the largest collection of books I ever saw, from thence we went to the stairs and after traveling upward for about 10 minutes ... at the dome whare we went
... specimens of ...
...the battery of which was built ... 6 apart of the material of which was taken from what was to have been a Protestant E. Church. ... from the battery we went to the military school called ...
...titution is the tree under which Geo. Washington drew the plan of the seige of Yorktown.
I am glad to hear that you are all well an getting along so well in the farming line. I expect that everything will
accomodation of sick and wounded. Thare is about 30 brick buildings belonging to the Navy Yd. nice enough for a lord to live in. Thare is also 3 monuments, the first of which is surrounded by six 42 pound canon, the mizles of which ...
June 25, 1864
Co. B, 144th Reg. O.N.G.
Dear Friends at Home,
My health at present is very good and I am glad to say that the general health of Co. B is good, every man being able to perform his duty excepting two.
Last Wednesday Uncle George [Warner], Wm. Minton, Hyrum West, and Leroy Van Tassell arrived, bringing three boxes of extras with them, which caused great excitement for a while. I was on guard at the time they arrived, in consequence of which I was not able to see them untill about an hour after they arrived. But those boxes had not been in Camp Parole over two hours before a hole was sawed through the floor, a hole about two feet deep dug, and two of the above named boxes set down under the floor, makeing quite a fine seller. The articles which I received consisted of a can of butter, a bundle of guides, & a piece of cheese (which had spoiled) and a cigar bos of hickory nuts sent by Kate Warner. Louis Raymond (my bunkmate) also received a can of butter, so I opened mine and let his remain tight untill mine is exhausted. Yesterday Uncle George and Wm. Minton went to town. Today they are on guard. Uncle George says that this camp far exceeds his expectations. Austin Bassett is very sick with the typhoid fever and some of the boys of his company think that he will hardly sruvive it.
Last Tuesday Matthew Harrington, John Matthews, Geo. Matthews, and I went out on a cherry excursion. When we had gone about one half mile from camp we met a little darky about 6 years old who had run away from his master. He said that he was going to camp to clean house and black shoes, to which end we tryed to discourage him, telling that he was to young and had better go back to his master. According, he went back with us in the direction of his master. We had not gone over two and one half miles when we came to a farm house whare we got permission to gather some cherries (the largest I ever saw). We stopped after we had gathered 4 quarts a peace, left little darky to pursue his own course and arrived in camp 2 p.m.
The farmhouses of this country are built different from the houses of Wood Co. and the large trees which adorn the yards give the residences a gay appearance.
Thare is now about 500 wounded soldiers in this camp and about the same nomber of guards. The weather is quite warm. Some of the men say that they never saw as warm weather before in they lives, but I think that they are mistaken. I saw men harvesting wheat on the 22nd of this month and I suppose that the wheat in Ohio will soon be ready for harvest.
Please write soon and write often. I will answer every letter I receive from home with promptness. Tell me all the news.
Elliott M. Warner
July 21, 1864
Douglas Hospital, Ward no. 4
Since I wrote to you last, which was on the 19 inst., I have improved in health very much. I was released from the hospital yesterday in company with 6 others belonging to Co. I, B & G, Corp. A.D. Scott and myslef being the only ones of our Co. that was released, which was at about one o'clock p.m. After stacking our blankets with the rest of the baggage belonging to our Co., A.D. Scott and I resorted for the Capital, distant about 80 rods from the depot, our place of rendezvous.
After looking at the fountains and fish pond, we entered the Capital on the west by way of a flight of very large steps. We went first to the great circle under the great dome, whare the pictures are situated. Here we saw spectators from all parts of the union. These paintings are executed on canvass and thare about 14 by 9 feet in length and width. In passing to the left the first picture represents the surrender of Cornwallace. Besides the large paintings thare is a multitude of busts and sculptures throughout the building as well as in the circle. The entire floor of the whole building is of marble carved in the most beautiful manner. From the circle we went to the north wing, passing through halls and rooms of the most splendid kind you could immagine, with great marble columns, marble overhead, marble underfoot, marble at the sides, marble everywhare. We should have gone into senate chamber, but it was locked. After exploring the north wing from bottom to top, I went back through the circle to the south wing, went into the new Hall of Representatives on the second story and into the old Hall of Representatives on the first story, passing through the great bronze door, the costlyest one in America, which was brought from Italy, costing the government $30,000.
After exploring other parts of the Capital I went to the marble mill whare most was sawn into slabs and turned into various shaps for building new additions to the Capital. The nomber of men engaged in its construction is a little over 200. Its full length is 751 feet, from basement floor to the top of the dome it is 264 feet. The nomber of policemen engaged in overseeing is 18.
It is now 8:15 a.m. by the R.R. time and in about an hour I expect to go to the Smithsonian Institution. In all probability we will go to Ft. Dix in a few days and I want to see all I can before I leave this place. We have the promise of the Governer of Ohio that we shall be in Columbus 5 days before, or at least as soon as our time is up.
William Minton and Urban Love are at Ft. Dix, but we are pretty positive that William Anglebeck, Joseph Philips, Elijah Jones & John Soash are prisoners. William Anglebeck was thought a good deal of and is honored as a brave soldier. I had a chance to see him during 8 hours in which the lead rained like hail among us and he greatly supprised me, boldly faseing the enemy. He fought like a lion, securing the general aplause of all who saw him. Joseph Philips also done well, tho I did not see him much of the time.
Please write often. Direct ot follow the Reg. My love to all inquiring friends.
From you aff. Brother,
Elliott M. Warner
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