Pituophis melanoleucus

Gopher Snake

 

 


Origin: Central US
east of Rockies to western Indiana, southern Canada through Northeast
Mexico

Size: 5 ft average max size 9ft

Age: 22 yr. max

Active: diurnal

Habitat: grassy plains, praries, sandy-semi-desert, agricultural areas
dry, roomy enclosure: 20+ gal long tank; substrates: aspen bedding, newspaper, dry cypress mulch, astroturf; hide box, rough rocks or branches; water bowl large enough to soak, but avoid dampness in cage

Temp.: 75-80F (23-27C)

Lighting: incandescent for heat

Foods: appropriately sized rodents (mice or rats)
Temperament: wildcaught are masters of defense -> mimic rattlesnakes,
will vibrate tail rapidly, form S-loop, flatten head, open mouth, inhale air to look bigger then forcefully exhale yielding loud hiss, may strike

References:
Mehrtens, John M. (1987) Living Snakes of the World. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. New York.
Texas Parks & Wildlife, Wildlife Fact Sheet, Bullsnake, 1996.

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