Pituophis melanoleucus

Gopher Snake



Origin: Central US
east of Rockies to western Indiana, southern Canada through Northeast

Size: 5 ft average max size 9ft

Age: 22 yr. max

Active: diurnal

Habitat: grassy plains, praries, sandy-semi-desert, agricultural areas
dry, roomy enclosure: 20+ gal long tank; substrates: aspen bedding, newspaper, dry cypress mulch, astroturf; hide box, rough rocks or branches; water bowl large enough to soak, but avoid dampness in cage

Temp.: 75-80F (23-27C)

Lighting: incandescent for heat

Foods: appropriately sized rodents (mice or rats)
Temperament: wildcaught are masters of defense -> mimic rattlesnakes,
will vibrate tail rapidly, form S-loop, flatten head, open mouth, inhale air to look bigger then forcefully exhale yielding loud hiss, may strike

Mehrtens, John M. (1987) Living Snakes of the World. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. New York.
Texas Parks & Wildlife, Wildlife Fact Sheet, Bullsnake, 1996.

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