Speakers (in alphabetical order)
John Q. Barrett
John Q. Barrett is a Professor of Law at St. John’s
New York City
, where he teaches constitutional law and legal history, and the Elizabeth S.
Lenna Fellow at the Robert
Center. He is writing a biography
of Justice Jackson that will include the first inside account of his year
(1945-46) away from the Supreme Court as the chief
prosecutor of the principal surviving Nazi leaders at the International
Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.
Professor Barrett discovered,
edited and introduced Justice Jackson’s previously unknown, now acclaimed book
Man: An Insider's Portrait of Franklin D. Roosevelt (Oxford
University Press, 2003). That
Man, available in paperback, was a Main Selection of the Book
of the Month Club and the History
Book Club, a Choice
Outstanding Academic title, the subject of favorable reviews and media
coverage throughout the U.S. and in Europe, and a best seller that now is used
widely in high school, college and graduate school courses.
Professor Barrett speaks and
lectures regularly about Justice Jackson,
Man, FDR, the Supreme Court and other topics.
Barrett is a regular media commentator on legal and historical issues.
Before joining the St. John's
faculty, Professor Barrett was Counselor to U.S. Department of Justice Inspector
General Michael R. Bromwich (1994-95), Associate Counsel in the
Office of Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh (Iran/Contra) (1988-93), and a
law clerk to Judge A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., of
the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (1986-88).
Barrett is a graduate of
M. Crane was appointed a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at Syracuse
University College of Law in the summer of 2005.
Prior to that time he was the Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court
for Sierra Leone, an international war crimes tribunal. He was appointed to that position by the
Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, on 19 April 2002.
With the rank of Undersecretary General, Professor Crane’s mandate was
to prosecute those who bear the greatest responsibility for war crimes, crimes
against humanity, and other serious violations of international human rights
committed during the civil war in Sierra Leone
during the 1990’s. Professor
Crane was the first American since Justice Robert Jackson and Colonel Telford
Taylor at Nuremberg, in 1945, to be the Chief Prosecutor of an international war crimes tribunal.
The Office of the Prosecutor is located with the
in Freetown, Sierra Leone. At
the completion of his tenure in
West Africa, Professor Crane was made a Paramount Chief by the Civil Society Organizations
of Sierra Leone.
Professor Crane served over 30 years in the Federal government of the United States. Appointed to the Senior Executive Service of the United States in 1997,
Professor Crane has held numerous key managerial positions during his three
decades of public service. These include the positions of Senior Inspector
General, Department of Defense; Assistant General Counsel, Defense Intelligence
Agency; and Waldemar A. Solf Professor of International Law at the United States
Army Judge Advocate General’s School.
Crane teaches international criminal law, international law, and national
security law. Additionally, he is a
member of the faculty of the Institute for National Security and
Counterterrorism, a joint venture with the Maxwell School of Public Citizenship
Crane holds a Doctor of Law degree from
, a Master of Arts Degree in African Studies and a Bachelor of General Studies
in History, summa cum laude, from Ohio
University. Various awards include the
Intelligence Community Gold Seal Medallion, the Department of Defense/DoDIG
Distinguished Civilian Service Medal, and the Legion of Merit.
In 2005, he was awarded the Medal of Merit from
and the Distinguished Service Award from Syracuse University College of Law for
his work in West Africa.
Curtis F.J. Doebbler
Doebbler is a Professor of Law at
Palestine), an international human rights lawyer, and an advisor to the defense team
representing former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein before the special court
established by the United States
in Iraq. He
practices law before international human rights tribunals and he teaches human rights law in a variety of settings ranging from
universities to projects for homeless persons. He
regularly advises non-governmental and governmental bodies, including the United
Nations, the government of
Sudan, the government of Afghanistan, the government of India, and the government of
Doebbler holds degrees in English literature and journalism from Southern
Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. His legal education includes the Juris
Doctor degree from New York
School, an LL.M. (Master of Laws) degree from Katholieke Universiteit,
Nijmegen, Netherlands, and a Ph.D. from The London School of Economics and Political Science. His
doctoral dissertation is entitled The
Individual in the Process of International Human Rights Law. He has lectured
on or taught international human rights law and public international law at
universities in North America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa. He has been a university lecturer at the London School of Economics, and a
visiting Professor at Khartoum
University, The American University in Cairo,
University, the University
in Kosovo, and Tashkent State Institute of Law. He has served as Professor of
Law at An-Najah
Doebbler represents individuals in cases concerning international human rights
law before African, Inter-American, European and United Nations human rights
bodies. As an international human rights
lawyer, he has represented, among others, two million internally displaced
people in Khartoum State, Sudan; over 300 prisoners in Peru; over 3000 Ethiopian
refugees; an estimated 300 Afghan prisoners captured by United States armed
forces; refugees fleeing persecution in European countries; Israeli, Palestinian
and international peace activists in Israel, and four former or current heads of
state, including Saddam Hussein.
publications are in the field of international human rights law, international
law concerning refugees, stateless and displaced persons, peace building,
humanitarian assistance and public international law.
Friedlander was born in
in 1930, deported in 1941 (Lodz Ghetto, Auschwitz, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück),
in 1947, and became a U.S.
citizen in 1952. He received his Ph.D. (1968) in modern German history from the
Pennsylvania. He served on the project of the Committee for the Study of War Documents
microfilming the captured German documents, taught history at the Louisiana
State University in New Orleans, McMaster University in Canada, the University
of Missouri in St. Louis, the City College of New York, and from 1975 until 2001
as professor of history in the department of Judaic studies at Brooklyn College
of the City University of New York. He served as president of the German Studies
1970 Professor Friedlander's research has focused on Nazi Germany and the
Holocaust. He co-edited (with the late Sybil Halpern Milton) The Holocaust:
Ideology, Bureaucracy, and Genocide (1980), the Simon Wiesenthal Center
Annual (1984-1990), and the 26 volume documentary series Archives of the
Friedlander also published numerous articles on various aspects of the
Holocaust, including "Euthanasia and the Final Solution," in The
Final Solution: Origins and Implementation, ed. David Cesarani (1994);
"Physicians as Killers in Nazi Germany," in Medicine and Medical
Ethics in Nazi Germany: Origins, Practices, Legacies, ed. Francis R. Nicosia
and Jonathan Huener (2002); "The Administrators in the Concentration
Camps," in Lessons and Legacies, vol. 5, ed. Ronald Smelser (2002);
"Eine Berliner Pflanze: An Unusual Kristallnacht Story," German
Studies Review (2003); "From 'Euthanasia' to the 'Final
Solution,'" in Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race, ed. Dieter
Kuntz (Washington: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2004); "Concerning the
Extra-legal Decisions of the German State in the Nazi Era," in Jüdische
Welten: Juden in Deutschland vom 18. Jahrhundert
bis in die Gegenwart
(Festschrift für Monika Richarz), ed. Marion
Kaplan and Beate Meyer (Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2005).
Friedlander's research has also focused on the legal implications of postwar
trials, and this investigation has so far led to the publication of many
articles, several of which follow: "The Judiciary and Nazi Crimes in
Postwar Germany," in Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual (1984);
"The Trials of the Nazi Criminals: Law, Justice, and History," in Dimensions:
A Journal of Holocaust Studies (1986); "Across the Stunde Null: The
Continuity of German Law," in Staatsverbrechen vor Gericht, Festschrift
für Christiaan Frederik Rüter zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Dick de Mildt (
: Amsterdam University Press, 2003), pp. 48-60.
Friedlander's major study, The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to
the Final Solution, was published by the
North Carolina Press
in 1995. It won the Bruno Brand Tolerance Book Award of the
Center, 1996, and the DAAD Book Prize of the German Studies Association, 1997.
Henry T. King, Jr.
Dr. Henry T. King, Jr. has served as the
United States Director of the Canada-United States Law Institute and chair of
the Institute’s annual conference since 1983. A graduate of
School, Dr. King’s career includes extensive experience in the areas of private and
public international law. Shortly
after embarking on his legal career, Dr. King was selected as a prosecutor at
the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials where he participated in the preparation and
trial of cases against the major German war criminals.
As a result of his experiences at Nuremberg, Dr. King authored a book about one of the defendants, The Two Worlds of Albert Speer (Lanham, MD: University Press of
America, 1997), and numerous articles relating to international criminal law.
Dr. King’s government and corporate
experience includes service as Deputy General Counsel and later Acting General
Counsel of the International Cooperation Administration (U.S. Foreign Economic
D.C.; Corporate Counsel to Bunge Corporation of
; Chief Corporate International Counsel of TRW Inc., and chair of International
Operation Council II of the Machinery and Allied Products Institute, Washington,
Dr. King has served as chair of the
Section of International Law and Practice of the American Bar Association,
co-chair of the American Bar Association/Canadian Bar Association/Barra Mexican
Joint Working Group on the Resolution of International Disputes, and president
of the Greater Cleveland International Lawyer Group.
Dr. King has received numerous awards
including the Whitney North Seymour Award of the American Arbitration
Association and honorary life membership by the Canadian Bar Association.
of Western Ontario
has awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Laws to Dr. King.
Dr. King currently is a Professor of Law
at Case Western Reserve University School of Law and is of Counsel with Squire,
Sanders and Dempsey, Cleveland
Ohio. In light of Dr. King’s
continuing accomplishments in fostering of Canada-United States relations, the
Government of Canada appointed Dr. King the first Honorary Consul for
Northeastern, Ohio in 2004.
Michael R. Marrus
Michael Marrus is the Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe
Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University
Toronto, a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and the Royal Historical Society. A
graduate of the University
of Toronto, he received his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the
at Berkeley. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, and a visiting fellow of St. Antony's
and the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Hebrew
); he has taught at The University of California,
and Cape Town University,
Professor Marrus is the author of The
Holocaust in History, which has been translated into many languages. Among
his other books are
and the Jews (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press; Reprint edition, 1995),
coauthored with Robert Paxton, The
Unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century (New York: Oxford
University Press, 1985). Michael
Marrus has also published The Nuremberg
War Crimes Trial 1945-46: A Documentary History (New York: St. Martin's
Jason George Ralph
Ralph is a Senior Lecturer of International Relations at the University
He is author of Beyond the
Security Dilemma. Ending
’s Cold War (Basingstoke: Ashgate, 2001) and Defending the Society
of States. Why the
opposes the International Criminal Court and its vision of World Society.
(forthcoming, Oxford University Press, 2006).
Dr. Ralph has published recent articles entitled: ‘Europe, the US and
the ICC’, Futures, forthcoming 2006, ‘Review Article: America’s War on
Terror: making sense of the “troubling confusion”, ’International Journal of Human Rights, forthcoming, summer 2006,
‘International Society, The International Criminal Court, and American Foreign
Policy’, Review of International Studies,
Vol.31, No.1, January 2005, pp.27-44, ‘Review
Article: International Society and the International Criminal Court’, International
Journal of Human Rights, Vol.8, No.2, 2004, pp.235-247 and ‘Between
Cosmopolitan and American Democracy: understanding American opposition to the
International Criminal Court’, International
Relations Vol.17 No.2, 2003, pp.195-212. Dr. Ralph also published ‘Tony Blair’s “New Doctrine of
International Community” and the UK
decision to invade
Iraq’, POLIS Working Paper No.20, August 2005.
Dr. Ralph will present
‘From Empire to Community: the Role of the International Criminal Court’,
Research Network on “Communitarian Ideals and Civil Society” within the
Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics (SASE) at the 18h
Annual International Conference to be held from June 30 to July 2, 2006 in Trier,
Ralph received his Ph.D. in War Studies from Kings
and his M.Sc. Strategic Studies from the Department of International Politics, University
Christoph J.M. Safferling
J.M. Safferling, 1971, holds degrees of Juris
Munich, and LL.M., London School of Economics and Political Science. He
is an Assistant Professor in the Institute for Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure
and Criminology in the Law Faculty of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg
Germany. He has been involved as legal advisor to the claimants in several class action
proceedings concerning compensation for forced labor during the Nazi-regime.
from his doctoral thesis, he authored Towards an
International Criminal Procedure (Oxford: OUP 2001/2003), and co-edited The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law since 1945
2006). Professor Safferling
has written articles on criminal law, public international law, international
criminal law, as well as European and comparative law. In December 2005 he was named the Whitney R. Harris
International Law Scholar of the
Center, Jamestown, N.Y.
In the summer 2006 he will be a Visiting Professor of International Criminal
Law at the University of Marburg, Germany.