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Guest Speakers (in alphabetical order)

Professor John Q. Barrett  

John Q. Barrett is a Professor of Law at St. John’s University in New York City , where he teaches constitutional law and legal history, and the Elizabeth S. Lenna Fellow at the Robert H. Jackson Center.  He is writing a biography of Justice Jackson that will include the first inside account of his year (1945-46) away from the Supreme Court as the chief United States prosecutor of the principal surviving Nazi leaders at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.

Professor Barrett discovered, edited and introduced Justice Jackson’s previously unknown, now acclaimed book That Man:  An Insider's Portrait of Franklin D. Roosevelt (Oxford University Press, 2003).  That Man, available in paperback, was a Main Selection of the Book of the Month Club and the History Book Club, a Choice Outstanding Academic title, the subject of favorable reviews and media coverage throughout the U.S. and in Europe, and a best seller that now is used widely in high school, college and graduate school courses.

Professor Barrett speaks and lectures regularly about Justice Jackson, Nuremberg, That Man, FDR, the Supreme Court and other topics.  Barrett is a regular media commentator on legal and historical issues.

Before joining the St. John's faculty, Professor Barrett was Counselor to U.S. Department of Justice Inspector General Michael R. Bromwich (1994-95), Associate Counsel in the Office of Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh (Iran/Contra) (1988-93), and a law clerk to Judge A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (1986-88).  Barrett is a graduate of Georgetown University and Harvard Law School.

David M. Crane                       

David M. Crane was appointed a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at Syracuse University College of Law in the summer of 2005.  Prior to that time he was the Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, an international war crimes tribunal. He was appointed to that position by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, on 19 April 2002.  With the rank of Undersecretary General, Professor Crane’s mandate was to prosecute those who bear the greatest responsibility for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other serious violations of international human rights committed during the civil war in Sierra Leone during the 1990’s.  Professor Crane was the first American since Justice Robert Jackson and Colonel Telford Taylor at Nuremberg, in 1945, to be the Chief Prosecutor of an international war crimes tribunal. The Office of the Prosecutor is located with the Special Court in Freetown, Sierra Leone. At the completion of his tenure in West Africa, Professor Crane was made a Paramount Chief by the Civil Society Organizations of Sierra Leone.

Professor Crane served over 30 years in the Federal government of the United States. Appointed to the Senior Executive Service of the United States in 1997, Professor Crane has held numerous key managerial positions during his three decades of public service. These include the positions of Senior Inspector General, Department of Defense; Assistant General Counsel, Defense Intelligence Agency; and Waldemar A. Solf Professor of International Law at the United States Army Judge Advocate General’s School. 

Professor Crane teaches international criminal law, international law, and national security law.  Additionally, he is a member of the faculty of the Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism, a joint venture with the Maxwell School of Public Citizenship at Syracuse University. 

Professor Crane holds a Doctor of Law degree from Syracuse University , a Master of Arts Degree in African Studies and a Bachelor of General Studies in History, summa cum laude, from Ohio University.  Various awards include the Intelligence Community Gold Seal Medallion, the Department of Defense/DoDIG Distinguished Civilian Service Medal, and the Legion of Merit.  In 2005, he was awarded the Medal of Merit from Ohio University and the Distinguished Service Award from Syracuse University College of Law for his work in West Africa.  

Dr. Curtis F.J. Doebbler

Dr. Doebbler is a Professor of Law at An-Najah National University (Nablus, Palestine), an international human rights lawyer, and an advisor to the defense team representing former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein before the special court established by the United States in Iraq. He practices law before international human rights tribunals and he teaches human rights law in a variety of settings ranging from universities to projects for homeless persons. He regularly advises non-governmental and governmental bodies, including the United Nations, the government of Sudan, the government of Afghanistan, the government of India, and the government of Palestine.

Professor Doebbler holds degrees in English literature and journalism from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. His legal education includes the Juris Doctor degree from New York Law School, an LL.M. (Master of Laws) degree from Katholieke Universiteit, Nijmegen, Netherlands, and a Ph.D. from The London School of Economics and Political Science. His doctoral dissertation is entitled The Individual in the Process of International Human Rights Law. He has lectured on or taught international human rights law and public international law at universities in North America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa. He has been a university lecturer at the London School of Economics, and a visiting Professor at Khartoum University, Tuzla University, The American University in Cairo, Cairo University, the University of Pristina in Kosovo, and Tashkent State Institute of Law. He has served as Professor of Law at An-Najah National University since 2005.

Dr. Doebbler represents individuals in cases concerning international human rights law before African, Inter-American, European and United Nations human rights bodies. As an international human rights lawyer, he has represented, among others, two million internally displaced people in Khartoum State, Sudan; over 300 prisoners in Peru; over 3000 Ethiopian refugees; an estimated 300 Afghan prisoners captured by United States armed forces; refugees fleeing persecution in European countries; Israeli, Palestinian and international peace activists in Israel, and four former or current heads of state, including Saddam Hussein.

His publications are in the field of international human rights law, international law concerning refugees, stateless and displaced persons, peace building, humanitarian assistance and public international law.

Henry Friedlander

Henry Friedlander was born in Berlin in 1930, deported in 1941 (Lodz Ghetto, Auschwitz, Neuengamme, Ravens­brück), entered the United States in 1947, and became a U.S. citizen in 1952. He received his Ph.D. (1968) in modern German history from the University of Pennsylvania. He served on the project of the Committee for the Study of War Documents microfilming the captured German documents, taught history at the Louisiana State University in New Orleans, McMaster University in Canada, the University of Missouri in St. Louis, the City College of New York, and from 1975 until 2001 as professor of history in the department of Judaic studies at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. He served as president of the German Studies Association 2000-2002.

Since 1970 Professor Friedlander's research has focused on Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. He co-edited (with the late Sybil Halpern Milton) The Holocaust: Ideology, Bureaucracy, and Genocide (1980), the Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual (1984-1990), and the 26 volume documentary series Archives of the Holocaust (1988-93).

Professor Friedlander also published numerous articles on various aspects of the Holocaust, including "Euthanasia and the Final Solution," in The Final Solution: Origins and Implementation, ed. David Cesarani (1994); "Physicians as Killers in Nazi Germany," in Medicine and Medical Ethics in Nazi Germany: Origins, Practices, Legacies, ed. Francis R. Nicosia and Jonathan Huener (2002); "The Administrators in the Concentration Camps," in Lessons and Legacies, vol. 5, ed. Ronald Smelser (2002); "Eine Berliner Pflanze: An Unusual Kristallnacht Story," German Studies Review (2003); "From 'Euthanasia' to the 'Final Solution,'" in Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race, ed. Dieter Kuntz (Washington: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2004); "Concerning the Extra-legal Decisions of the German State in the Nazi Era," in Jüdische Welten: Juden in Deutschland vom 18. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart (Festschrift für Monika Richarz), ed. Marion Kaplan and Beate Meyer (Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2005).

Professor Friedlander's research has also focused on the legal implications of postwar trials, and this investigation has so far led to the publication of many articles, several of which follow: "The Judiciary and Nazi Crimes in Postwar Germany," in Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual (1984); "The Trials of the Nazi Criminals: Law, Justice, and History," in Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies (1986); "Across the Stunde Null: The Continuity of German Law," in Staatsverbrechen vor Gericht, Festschrift für Christiaan Frederik Rüter zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Dick de Mildt ( Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, 2003), pp. 48-60.

Professor Friedlander's major study, The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution, was published by the University of North Carolina Press in 1995. It won the Bruno Brand Tolerance Book Award of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, 1996, and the DAAD Book Prize of the German Studies Association, 1997.

Dr. Henry T. King, Jr.

Dr. Henry T. King, Jr. has served as the United States Director of the Canada-United States Law Institute and chair of the Institute’s annual conference since 1983. A graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School, Dr. King’s career includes extensive experience in the areas of private and public international law.  Shortly after embarking on his legal career, Dr. King was selected as a prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials where he participated in the preparation and trial of cases against the major German war criminals.  As a result of his experiences at Nuremberg, Dr. King authored a book about one of the defendants, The Two Worlds of Albert Speer (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1997), and numerous articles relating to international criminal law.

Dr. King’s government and corporate experience includes service as Deputy General Counsel and later Acting General Counsel of the International Cooperation Administration (U.S. Foreign Economic Aid Program), Washington, D.C.; Corporate Counsel to Bunge Corporation of New York ; Chief Corporate International Counsel of TRW Inc., and chair of International Operation Council II of the Machinery and Allied Products Institute, Washington, D.C.

Dr. King has served as chair of the Section of International Law and Practice of the American Bar Association, co-chair of the American Bar Association/Canadian Bar Association/Barra Mexican Joint Working Group on the Resolution of International Disputes, and president of the Greater Cleveland International Lawyer Group.

Dr. King has received numerous awards including the Whitney North Seymour Award of the American Arbitration Association and honorary life membership by the Canadian Bar Association.  The University of Western Ontario has awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Laws to Dr. King.

Dr. King currently is a Professor of Law at Case Western Reserve University School of Law and is of Counsel with Squire, Sanders and Dempsey, Cleveland , Ohio.  In light of Dr. King’s continuing accomplishments in fostering of Canada-United States relations, the Government of Canada appointed Dr. King the first Honorary Consul for Northeastern, Ohio in 2004.

Dr. Michael R. Marrus  

Michael Marrus is the Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Toronto, a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and the Royal Historical Society. A graduate of the University of Toronto, he received his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California at Berkeley. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, and a visiting fellow of St. Antony's College, Oxford and the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Hebrew University (Jerusalem ); he has taught at The University of California, Los Angeles and Cape Town University, South Africa.

Professor Marrus is the author of The Holocaust in History, which has been translated into many languages. Among his other books are Vichy France and the Jews (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press; Reprint edition, 1995), coauthored with Robert Paxton, The Unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985). Michael Marrus has also published The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial 1945-46: A Documentary History (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997).

Jason George Ralph  

Dr. Ralph is a Senior Lecturer of International Relations at the University of Leeds. He is author of Beyond the Security Dilemma. Ending America ’s Cold War (Basingstoke: Ashgate, 2001) and Defending the Society of States.  Why the America opposes the International Criminal Court and its vision of World Society. (forthcoming, Oxford University Press, 2006).

Dr. Ralph has published recent articles entitled: ‘Europe, the US and the ICC’, Futures, forthcoming 2006, ‘Review Article: America’s War on Terror: making sense of the “troubling confusion”, ’International Journal of Human Rights, forthcoming, summer 2006, ‘International Society, The International Criminal Court, and American Foreign Policy’, Review of International Studies, Vol.31, No.1, January 2005, pp.27-44, ‘Review Article: International Society and the International Criminal Court’, International Journal of Human Rights, Vol.8, No.2, 2004, pp.235-247 and ‘Between Cosmopolitan and American Democracy: understanding American opposition to the International Criminal Court’, International Relations Vol.17 No.2, 2003, pp.195-212.  Dr. Ralph also published ‘Tony Blair’s “New Doctrine of International Community” and the UK decision to invade Iraq’, POLIS Working Paper No.20, August 2005.

Dr. Ralph will present ‘From Empire to Community: the Role of the International Criminal Court’, Research Network on “Communitarian Ideals and Civil Society” within the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics (SASE) at the 18h Annual International Conference to be held from June 30 to July 2, 2006 in Trier, Germany.

Dr. Ralph received his Ph.D. in War Studies from Kings College, London and his M.Sc. Strategic Studies from the Department of International Politics, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

Dr. Christoph J.M. Safferling           

Christoph J.M. Safferling, 1971, holds degrees of Juris Doctor, University of Munich, and LL.M., London School of Economics and Political Science.  He is an Assistant Professor in the Institute for Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminology in the Law Faculty of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg , Germany. He has been involved as legal advisor to the claimants in several class action proceedings concerning compensation for forced labor during the Nazi-regime.

Apart from his doctoral thesis, he authored Towards an International Criminal Procedure (Oxford: OUP 2001/2003), and co-edited The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law since 1945 (Saur 2006).  Professor Safferling has written articles on criminal law, public international law, international criminal law, as well as European and comparative law. In December 2005 he was named the Whitney R. Harris International Law Scholar of the Robert H. Jackson Center, Jamestown, N.Y. In the summer 2006 he will be a Visiting Professor of International Criminal Law at the University of Marburg, Germany.

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