Healthy Living / Weight Stigma Research Groups

Research and Publications

Below are some of the of publications produced by our research group that are related to weight loss, eating, and physical activity. They are arranged by year of publication.

Reprints of any of the listed publications are available upon request.


Carels, RA, Burmeister, JM, Koball, AM, Oehlhof, M A Hinman, N, Leroy, M, Bannon, E, Ashrafioun, L, Storfer-Isser, A, Darby, L, Gumble, A.  Randomized trial comparing two approaches to weight loss: Differences in weight loss maintenance. Journal of Health Psychology, in press.


Carels, RA, Domoff, SE, Burmeister, JM, Koball, AM, Hinman, N, Davis, AK, Wagner Oehlhof, M, Leroy, M, Bannon, E, Hoffmann, DA. Examining perceived stereotype threat among overweight/obese adults using a Multi-Threat Framework.  Obesity Facts, in press


Burmeister, J.M., Hinman, N., Koball, A., Hoffmann, D.A., & Carels, R.A. Food addiction in adults seeking weight loss treatment: Implications for psychosocial health and weight loss. Appetite, press.


Carels, RA , Burmeister, J, Oehlhof, MW, Hinman, N, LeRoy, M, Bannon, E, Koball, A, Ashrafloun, L. Internalized Weight Bias: Ratings of the Self, Normal Weight, and Obese Individuals and Psychological Maladjustment. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, in press.


Carels, RA, Young, KM, Hinman, N, Gumble, A, Koball, A, Wagner Oehlhof, M, Darby L. (2012) Stepped-Care in Obesity Treatment: Matching Treatment Intensity to Participant Performance, Eating Behaviors, 13, 112-118.


Domoff, S. E., Hinman, N., Koball, A., Storfer-Isser, A., Carhart, V. L., Baik, K. D. Carels, R. A. (2012) Reality television and weight bias: An examination of The Biggest Loser? Obesity, 20, 993-998


Gumble, A & Carels, RA. (2012). The harmful and beneficial impacts of weight bias on well-being: The moderating influence of weight status. Body Image, 9:1, 101-107.


Carels, RA, Hinman, N. Koball, A, Oehlhof, MW, Gumble, A, Young, KM. (2011). The self protective nature of implicit identity and its relationship to weight bias and short-term weight loss, Obesity Facts, 4:4, 278-283.


Coy, B, O’Brien, WH, Tabaczynski, T, Northern, J, & Carels, RA (2011). Associations between evaluation anxiety, cognitive interference and performance on working memory tasks. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25, 823-832.


Koball, A & Carels, RA . (2011) Coping as a mediator in the relationship between weight stigma and depression, eating and weight disorders, 16(1), 17-23.

Carels, RA, Young, KM, Koball, A, Gumble, A, Darby, LA Wagner Oehlhof, M, Wott, C, Hinman, N (2011) Transforming your life: An environmental modification approach to weight loss. Journal of Health Psychology, 16(3), 430-438.

Carels, RA, Wott, CB, Young, KM, Gumble, A, Koball, A, Oehlhof, MW. (2010) Implicit, explicit, and internalized weight bias and psychosocial maladjustment among treatment-seeking adults. Eating Behaviors, 11, 180-185.

Carels, RA, Musher-Eizenman, D. (2010) Individual Differences and Weight Bias: Do People with an Anti-Fat Bias have a Pro-Thin Bias? Binge Eating, 7, 143-148.

Wott, CB, Carels, RA, Overt Weight Stigma, (2009) Psychological distress and weight loss treatment outcomes. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 608-614.

Musher-Eizenman,D. Carels RA. (2009) The impact of target weight and gender on perceptions of likeability, personality attributes, and functional impairment. Obesity Facts, 2, 311-317.

Carels, RA, Young, K, Wott, CB, Harper, J, Gumble, A, Oehlof, MW, Clayton, AM (2009)  Weight bias and weight loss treatment outcomes in treatment-seeking adults. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 37, 350–355.

Carels, RA, Young, K, Wott, CB, Harper, J, Gumble, A, Oehlof, MW, Clayton, AM (2009) Successful weight Loss with minimal assistance: A stepped-care approach. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 32, 503–509.

Carels RA, Young KM, Wott, C, Harper, J, Gumble, A,  Wagner Hobbs, M, Clayton, A. (2009)  Internalized weight stigma and its ideological correlates among weight Loss treatment seeking adults. Eating and Weight Disorders,14, e92-e97.

Carels RA, Young KM, Coit C, Clayton AM Spencer, A, Hobbs, M.W. (2008) Skipping meals and alcohol consumption: The regulation of energy intake and expenditure among weight loss participants. Appetite, 51, 538-545.

Carels RA, Young KM, Coit C, Clayton AM Spencer, A, Hobbs, M.W. (2008) Can following the caloric restriction recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans help individuals lose weight? Eating Behaviors,9,328-335.

Carels RA, Young KM, Coit C, Darby LA, Clayton AM, Spencer A et al. (2008) The failure of therapist assistance and stepped-care to improve weight loss outcomes. Obesity. 16,1460-1462.

Carels RA, Konrad KK, Young KM, Darby LA, Coit C, Clayton AM et al. (2008) Taking control of your personal eating and exercise environment: A weight maintenance program. Eating Behaviors, 9, 228-237.

Carels, RA, Coit, C, Young, KM, Berger, B. (2007) Exercise makes you feel good, but does feeling good make you exercise? An examination of obese dieters. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29, 706-722

Carels, RA, Harper, J, Konrad, KK. (2007) Individual differences in food perceptions and calorie estimation: An examination of dieting status, weight, and gender. Appetite, 49, 450-58.
Konrad, KK, Carels, RA, Gardner, D. (2007) Metabolic and psychological changes during refeeding in anorexia nervosa.  Eating and Weight Disorders, 12, 20-27.

Carels RA, Darby LA, Cacciapaglia HM, Konrad KK, Coit C, Harper J, Kaplar, ME, Young, K, Baylen, CA, & Versland, A (2007) Using motivational interviewing as a supplement to obesity treatment: A stepped-care approach. Health Psychology, 26, 369-374.

Carels, RA, Harper, J, Konrad, KK (2006). Qualitative perceptions and caloric estimations of healthy and unhealthy foods by behavioral weight loss participants, Appetite, 46, 199-206.  

Carels, RA, Darby, L, Berger, B. (2006). The association between mood states and physical activity in postmenopausal women.  Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 14, 12-28.  

Carels, RA, Douglass, O Cacciapaglia, H, Rydin, S, Harper, J. (2006). Can social desirability interfere with success in a behavioral weight loss program? Psychology and Health, 21(1):65-78.  

Carels, RA, Darby, L, Rydin, S, Douglass, O, Cacciapaglia, H. (2005) The relationship between self-monitoring, outcome expectancies, difficulties with eating and exercise, physical activity and weight loss in a behavioral weight loss program: Within and between participant relationships.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 182-190.  

Carels, RA, Darby, L, Cacciapaglia, H, Douglass, O, Kaplar, M, Rydin, S, Tonkin, K, Konrad, K, Harper, J (2005). Applying a stepped-care approach to the treatment of obesity, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 59, 375-383.  

Carels, RA, Darby, L, Douglass, O, Cacciapaglia, H, Rydin, S. (2005). Education on the Glycemic Index of Foods Fails to Improve Treatment Outcomes in a Behavioral Weight Loss Program. Eating Behaviors, 6, 145-150.


Carels, RA, Darby, L, Cacciapaglia, H, Douglass, O. (2004). Reducing cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women through a lifestyle change intervention. Journal of Women’s Health, 13(4), 412-426.


Carels, RA, Cacciapaglia, H, Douglass, O, Cacciapaglia, H, O’Brien, WH. (2004). An ecological momentary assessment of relapse crisis in dieting. Journal of Consulting and Clinical, 72:2, 341-348.


Carels, RA, Cacciapaglia, H, Douglass, O, Rydin, S, O’Brien, WH. (2003). The early identification of poor treatment outcome in a women’s weight loss program. Eating Behaviors, 4, 265-282.


Carels, RA, Hoffman, J, Collins, A, Raber, AC, Cacciapaglia, H, O’Brien, WH. (2001). Ecological momentary assessment of temptation and lapse in dieting. Eating Behaviors, 2, 307-321.