Job Descriptive Index
The JDI Research Group has developed and refined a set of measures of relevant variables ranging from Stress in General through Intention to Quit to the secular aspects of the protestant work ethic (Survey of Work Values). Below is a list of all available measures.
|Scale Name and Abbreviation/Brief Description||Item Format||# of Items||Available Download?|
Job Descriptive Index (JDI)
Measures job satisfaction using 5 facets: Work on Present Job, Present Pay, Opportunities for Promotion, Supervision, and Coworkers. Each facet contains either 9 or 18 items. These facets can give organizations a hint at which aspects of the job need improvement and which are in good shape. The JDI Manual provides national norms, where organizations can compare scores of their employees with others of the same organization type, age, gender, etc. The 5 facets are also good at predicting outcomes such as turnover and intentions to quit.
Job in General (JIG)
The JIG measures global, or overall, job satisfaction. The JIG has been shown to predict intentions to quit above and beyond the 6 facets of the JDI. The JIG is coupled with the JDI, and for completeness, they are distributed together.
Abridged Job Descriptive Index (AJDI)While the JDI is one of the most psychometrically sound scales of job satisfaction, when used in combination with other scales its length is sometimes a detractor. In response to this concern, the JDI Research Group developed an abridged version of the JDI. In the aJDI, each facet contains 5 items, reducing its overall length significantly. Reliability and predictive validity remains strong.
Abridged Job in General (AJIG)
As a complement to the aJDI, an abridged version of the JIG was developed as well. The aJIG is coupled with the aJDI, and for completeness, they are distributed together.
Stress in General (SIG)
In the process of revising the JDI, we noticed some items affiliated with stress. Since high stress is associated with low job satisfaction, we used our scale-development expertise to develop a scale measuring general stress levels.
Trust in Management (TIM)
Our research has indicated that trust in the upper management (not the supervisor) is a very important but rarely-examined element related to job satisfaction.
Scale of Life Satisfaction (SOLS)
We were curious about the relationship between job satisfaction and life satisfaction, and developed a measure of life satisfaction.
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Survey of Work Values-Unisex (SWV-U)
The SWV measures dimensions of the Protestant Work Ethic (as was explained by Max Weber). The original SWV contained sexist language (e.g., Man's job is to....), so the SWV-U made the scale gender-neutral.
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Balzer, W. K., Kihm, J. A., Smith, P. C., Irwin, J. L., Bachiochi, P. D., Robie, C., Sinar, E. F., & Parra, L. F. (1997). Users' manual for the Job Descriptive Index (JDI; 1997 Revision) and the Job In General scales. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University.
DeMeuse, K. P. (1985). A compendium of frequently used measures in industrial/organizational psychology. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 23, 53-59.
Cranny, C. J., Smith, P. C., & Stone, E. F. (Eds.). (1992). Job Satisfaction: How people feel about their jobs and how it affects their performance. New York: Lexington.
Ironson, G. H., Smith, P. C., Brannick, M. T., Gibson, W. M. & Paul, K. B. (1989). Construction of a job in general scale: A comparison of global, composite and specific measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 1-8.
Smith, P. C., Kendall, L. M., & Hulin, C. L. (1969). The measurement of satisfaction in work and retirement. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Zedeck, S. (1987, October). Satisfaction in union members and their spouses. Paper presented at the Job Satisfaction: Advances in Research and Practice Conference, Bowling Green, Ohio.