HealthyLife® Students' Self-Care Guide
Section I–Common Health Problems
Table of Contents
Colds & Flu
Colds and flu are the main reason students miss class due to illness. Colds and flu are caused by viruses. Flu is short for influenza, a virus that affects your upper respiratory system. “Stomach flu” is stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, etc. caused by a virus in the stomach and intestines. For these symptoms, see “ Abdominal Pain ”, “ Diarrhea ”, and/or “ Vomiting & Nausea .”
Is it a cold or is it the flu? See the chart below to learn the differences between the two.
Flu symptoms come on suddenly and affect the body all over. Cold symptoms mostly affect you above the neck. When you get the flu, you are also more prone to bronchitis, sinus, and ear infections.
Self-care treats colds and most cases of the flu.
Prescribed antiviral medicines, such as rimantidine may make flu symptoms milder and help you recover sooner if started within 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms. Antibiotics do not treat cold and flu viruses.
Questions to Ask
For a Sore Throat:
©2005, 6th edition. American Institute for Preventive Medicine All rights reserved.
March 21, 2007